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Table of apricot varieties PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 27 October 2009 06:24

Variety

 

Country

 

Color

 

Creation/Origin

 

Harvest/Season

 

Description

 

Abrikos Ulyanischeva 23 (Ulyanischev’s Apricot 23)

Russia

Orange-yellow, with a dotted blush on the light side

Originated by M.M. Ulyanischev in Rossosh.

Late season

Medium sized (average weight 28-35 g), broadly oval, medium downiness. Flesh is firm, acid-sweet, with a pleasant aroma.

Abrikos Ulyanischeva 25 (Ulyanischev’s Apricot 25)

Russia

Orange with a greenish tint, with a blush on the sunny side, occupying about 25% of the fruit.

Originated by M.M. Ulyanischev in Rossosh, Voronezh oblast in 1936, by selection among seedlings obtained by planting the stones of hardiest forms from northern regions.

Mid season

Below medium to medium size (average weight 25-30 g), from round-oval to obovoid shape. Abdominal suture is deep, medium wide. Surface is slightly lumpy. Skin is medium fuzzy, velvety, very dense and coarse. Flesh is yellowish-orange, fairly dense, with medium juiciness, with, with a small mealiness and coarse fibers when overripens, acid-sweet, medium aroma, taste is quite satisfactory. Stone is tightly adjoined to the walls of the cavity, but easily separated.

Academician

Russia

Orange with a carmine blush.

Originated by G.T. Kazmin and V.A. Marusich from intervarietal cross between Sputnik and Khabarovsk varieties in DalNIISH.

Ripening falls on the end of July - early August.

Large, weighing from 32 to 55 г. Rounded-oblong with an antenna at the apex. Surface is slightly fuzzy, smooth. Flesh is pale yellow, juicy, tender, slightly crispy, has a sweetly-subacid taste.

Ahrori (Agrali-Hodzha-Ahrary, Maiskiy, Aldyn-Pshar)

Uzbekistan

Straw-yellow, with a big beautiful diffused crimson blush, covering 25-50% of the fruit.

Firstly discovered in 1930 in Tashkent orchards.

Early Season

Above medium to large sized, round-oval, with a slightly depressed and sloping apex to the back. Surface is slightly knobby, medium fuzzy, above medium density. Flesh is light, creamy-yellow, below the medium density, juicy, a little mealy when overripens, medium sugar content, with a little acidity and flavor, stone separating from the flesh with difficulty. Stone is above medium size, broadly oval, flat on the sides, rough, dark brown. Seed is sweet.

Alberge

France

Greenish in shade, deep yellow on the sunny, and marked with reddish spots.

Raised from a seed, and is used in France as a stock on which to bud other kinds; hence there are many Alberge varieties.

Ripen by the end of August.

Small and flattened, narrower at the apex than at the base, and marked on one side with a very small juncture. Skin is often thick and rough to the touch. Stalk, inserted in a deep and narrow cavity. Flesh is deep orange, firm, vinous, and flavored with an admixture of brisk acidity. Stone is large and flat. Kernel is bitter.

Alyosha

Russia

Bright yellow with a dotted blush

A seedling of its own second or third generation from an open pollination. Originated in 1988 by A.K. Skvortsov, and L.A. Kramarenko. Originator institution – Central Botanical Garden.

Ripening period - late July - early August.

Fruits weight 15-20 g, rounded, slightly flattened on the sides, a little fuzzy, so the fruit is slightly shiny. Flesh is dense, orange, tastes good, acid-sweet,

Amur

Russia

Bright yellow, with a bright carmine blush on the sunny side, which is shaded by numerous darker carmine dots.

Originated by G.T. Kazmin in DalNIISH in 1949 from pollination of Luchshiy Michurinsky with mixture of pollen of Krasnoschekiy and Alexander Ranniy, and Overenskiy skorospelyy varieties.

Ripening on August 10-15.

Average fruit weight 26, 2g, maximum 32, 4g. Shape rounded-oblong to the top in form of antenna. Abdominal juncture is, marked by intensively colored stripe. Stalk is very short (0, 3-0, 5 cm) and thick. Flesh is tender, orange at skin, dense, medium juicy, crisp, refreshing, has a pleasant acid-sweet taste.

Arzami

Uzbekistan

Light yellowish-cream, with a big beautiful carmine-red, marble and diffused blush, covering from one to two thirds of the fruit surface.

Originated at Samarkand selection-fruit station from local varieties around 1930.

Early-mid season

Medium to large size (average weight 50-70 g), flattened-round, irregular shape, compressed on the sides. Abdominal suture is deep. Skin is relatively weakly fuzzy, with a slight gloss, dense. Flesh is light, yellowish-creamy, thick, juicy, without mealiness, with coarse fibers, especially when overripens, acid-sweet, slightly aromatic, good taste. Stone is a large, rounded-oval, rather flat on the sides

Badem-Erik (Badem-Arik; Nushi-Tsiran; Mindalnyy Abrikos (Almond Apricot))

Armenia

Creamy with an orange tan or very small and faint blush on the light side.

Old Armenian variety of Iranian-Caucasus group.

Mid season

Above medium or large size (average weight 30.10 g), oval, with pointed apex and a narrow funnel-shaped depression at the stalk, much compressed on the sides. Abdominal suture is deep, especially in the lower third of the fruit, where it forms a narrow slit. Stalk is relatively long, firmly attached to the fruit. Surface is slightly uneven; skin is slightly fuzzy, mat and rough. Flesh is yellowish-cream, juicy, tender, medium sugar content, insipid, with very weak acidity and flavor, without mealiness, of good, although somewhat shallow taste, with non-coarse fibers. Stone is a relatively small size, greatly elongated, obovate or lancet-shaped, with pointed apex and strongly tapered base.

Bulbon 5

Ukraine

Orange-yellow with an orange tan or diffused carmine blush on the sunny side.

Originated in 1929 at Mleevskaya trial station by Nikitskiy Botanical Garden.

Mid season

Very large (average weight 50-70 g), in some cases, weigh 90 grams, from oval to rounded-oval, moderately compressed on the sides. Abdominal suture is medium deep, deep at the base. Skin is quite thin, but dense, moderately fuzzy. Flesh is yellowish-orange; lighter towards the center, dense, a little coarse, poorly juicy, a bit shallow taste, with low sugar content and a weak aroma, low acidity, which is stronger at the skin. Well separating stone. Stone is a medium-sized, oval, light-brown, lying freely in the large cavity. Seed is sweet.

Chelyabinskiy Ranniy (Chelyabinsk early)

Russia

Yellow with an anthocyanic covering in the form of small dots.

A seedling of Manchurian apricot from an open pollination. Originator - South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Growing. Authors: K.K. Mullayanov, A.E. Pankratova, V.I. Putyatin, I.G. Zamyatina.

Early season. Yield is average.

Fruits weighing 16 g, rounded shape. Flesh is light orange, medium solid.

Chempion Severa (Northern Champion)

Russia

Orange with a gentle blush on the sunny side.

Originated from the planting seeds of Triumph Severnyy (Northern Triumph). Authors: A.N. Venyaminov, L.A. Dolmatova.

Ripen in late July. Average yield is 20-25 kg from the tree.

Large (up to 65 g), oval shape. Skin is fuzzy, moderately thick, and acid. Flesh is orange, dry, good quality pulp. The core is sweet, stone is large and loose.

Chyornyy Barhat (Black velvet)

Russia

Dark-purple

A seedling from an open pollination of American black variety. Originator:  N.I. Vavilov Crimean Experimental Breeding Station of All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry. Authors: G.V. Eremin, A.V. Isachkin.

Ripens in late July.

The fruit is medium in size - 30 g. Fuzzy surface. Flesh is yellow, pink at the skin, medium solid, juicy, acid-sweet, aromatic, very good taste. Stone is medium sized, detaching.

Desfarges

France

Deep golden yellow when ripe, spotted with reddish orange, and dark red dots scattered across the fruit.

Originated by M. Desfarges of St. Cyr, near Lyons.

Ripen in the middle of July.

Large, somewhat oval, expanding towards the apex, and narrowing towards the stalk, marked with a narrow and rather deep juncture. Skin is fuzzy, sometimes almost smooth. Flesh is tender, juicy, fragrant, and with a slight musky flavor. Kernel is bitter.

Dzhengutaevsky

Russia (Dagestan)

Yellow, diffused red stripy covering

A new selected variety of Dagestan Breeding Research Station of Fruit Crops (DSOSPK), a seedling from an open pollination of Subhan variety. Authors:  Sh. G., Batyrhanov, A.S. Pokrovskaya,  N. Malinovskaya

 

Medium size (40 g), medium univariate, rounded, slightly oblong apex, pointed, with a rostel. Skin is medium, slightly lowered. Flesh is yellow, tender; color of the camera is same as flesh. Juice is colorless, acid-sweet.

Esdelik (Alasha)

 

Russia (Dagestan)

Greenish-cream

Variety of Dagestan Breeding Research Station of Fruit Crops (DSOSPK), a seedling from an open pollination of Kursadyk variety. Authors: Sh.G. Batyrhanov, A.S. Pokrovskaya, N.V. Malinovskaya.

Mid-late season. Ripen by August 1.

Medium and large size, medium univariate, round shape, slightly oblique. Skin is thin, dense. Creamy-yellow flesh is thick, juicy, sweet taste with a pleasant acidity.

Favourite

 

Orange with a large bright blush.

A third or fourth generation seedling with an open pollination. Selected in 2000 by L.A. Kramarenko. Originator – Central Botanical Garden.

Ripen late like Monastyrskiy (Monastic).

Large, average 30g, rounded, slightly uneven surface, very beautiful, shiny due to small downiness.  Flesh is bright-orange, dense, gristly, juicy, and very tasty.

Fialkovyy Abrikos Ulyanischeva № 30 (Violet Ulyanischev’s Apricot № 30)

Russia

Light with a dotted blush on the light side.

Originated by M.M. Ulyanischev in Rossosh.

Late season

Medium sized (average weight 20-25 g), oval. Flesh is white, juicy, sugary, and aromatic, with a slight acid taste, good and substantial. Stone is medium sized.

Frogmore Early

England

Pale yellow in shade and deep yellow on the sunny side, often with a blotched dark crimson cheek, which is spotted with darker crimson.

Originated at the Royal Gardens, Frogmore, between the Royal and the Large Early apricots.

Ripens on a wall from the 9th of July successionally till the 20th.

Fruit is small, roundish, and very frequently oblate, much depressed at the crown. Flesh is deep orange, tender, melting, very juicy, and richly flavored. Kernel is bitter.

Golden Drop

England

Bright orange, with streaked red on the sunny side.

Originated by Mr. Rivers of Sawbridgeworth, from Musch-Musch.

Ripen in the middle of July.

Fruit is small, about the size of the Orange Apricot. Flesh is melting and juicy, with a rich flavor somewhat resembling a pine-apple.

Gornyy Abakan (Mountain Abakan)

Russia (Khakass Republic)

Yellow-green with a diffused blush.

Originated in the homestead garden of the Khakass Republic in 1979 from a mixture of seedlings of the second generation Khabarovsk selected forms. By IL Baykalov.

The average yield is 15-18 kg per tree, max. 41 kg.

Large 23-30, at the young plants, 35-40 g, slightly compressed on the sides, with prominent juncture. In the hot summer of intense blush covers all the fruit. Flesh is dense, orange, medium-juicy, acid-sweet, pleasant taste.

Grafinya (Countess)

Russia

Creamy or pale yellow with a beautiful blush.

A seedling of its own second or third generation from an open pollination. Originated in 1988 by A.K. Skvortsov, and L.A. Kramarenko. Originator institution – Central Botanical Garden.

Ripen in the 2d decade August.

Fruits are round or oval. Countess - the most capricious and sensitive variety to the weather. If summers are hot and dry, fruits are clean, beautiful, and the average weight 20-25g. At small and medium yield fruit weight increases by 30-40 g. skin is thin, fuzzy. Flesh is bright-orange, thick, juicy, very tasty.

Gritikaz

Russia

Yellow with the reddish covering.

Originated by E.F. Korolyova, G.T. Kazmin, V.A. Marusich in DalNIISH from intervarietal crosses (Akademik (Academician) x Sputnik (Satellite)).

Ripening falls on August 5.

Average weight 25g, the height of the fruit 37 mm in diameter in two planes of 39-33 mm. shape is flat, truncated. The top of the fruit is oblong. Stalk is short. Flesh is yellow, fibrous. Juice is colorless, acid-sweet.

Hekobarsh

Russia (Dagestan)

Creamy with a yellow covering.

Aboriginal variety of popular selection of Dagestan. Originator -Dagestan Breeding Experimental Station of Fruit Crops (DSOSPK).

Ripen by June 20 in the mountains and by July 5-10 in the foothills.

The fruit is medium sized, weighing 30-40 g, rounded or slightly-oval, not quite symmetrical. Skin is slightly fuzzy. Flesh is medium dense, golden-yellow, yellow-orange when fully ripe, juicy, aromatic with a harmonious combination of sugar and acidity, has a very pleasant taste.

Honobah

Russia (Dagestan)

Orange with a dark-red diffused blush.

Strictly aboriginal variety of popular selection of Dagestan (Gergebil). Originator - Dagestan Breeding Experimental Station of Fruit Crops (DSOSPK).

Term of maturing July 10-15.

Fruits are small 20-25 g, rounded-heart-shaped. Skin is thin, glossy, with slightly noticeable downiness. Flesh is orange, quite dense, half-gristly, with a strong aroma and sweet taste.

Iceberg

Russia

Yellow-orange, fuzzy, with a small dotted blush or without it.

A seedling of its own second or third generation from an open pollination. Originated in 1986 by A.K. Skvortsov, and L.A. Kramarenko. Originator institution – Central Botanical Garden.

Ripening early - in late July - early August.

Fruits weight 20-22 g, rounded or oval, flattened on the sides, skin is thin. Flesh is yellowish-orange, medium solid, juicy, tender, and delicious.

Isfarak

Uzbekistan

Yellow-orange, sometimes with a slight pinkish-orange tan on the light side.

Originated from Fergana Valley, Isfarak settlement.

Late season

Medium or below medium size (average weight 2.7 g), rounded, much compressed on the sides, with a little more developed ventral side, compared with the back. Skin is shortly fuzzy, rather thin, but dense, dries a little and wrinkles from the sides when ripens. Flesh is light-orange, dense, poorly juicy, without any signs of mealiness, sweet, with a distinct acidity and light aroma. Stone is a medium-sized.

Khabarovskiy

Russia

Pale green, with a solid or dotty orange-red blush.

Originated by G.T. Kazmin in DalNIISH in 1949 from pollination of Luchshiy Michurinsky by European variety - Krasnoschekiy.

Ripen on July 28-30. The maximum yield per a tree is 36, 6 kg.

Large, average weight 30 g, a maximum of 45 g. Rounded-conical, slightly compressed on the sides. Surface is uneven, very fuzzy, skin does not come off. Flesh is dense, medium juicy, yellow-orange, enjoyable, sweetly-acid taste.

Kompotnyy

Russia

Light yellow with a bright blush.

A seedling of Triumph Severnyy (Northern Triumph) variety from an open pollination. Authors: A.N. Venyaminov, L.A. Dolmatova.

Ripen in early August.

Weight 40 g. Flesh is firm, juicy, crisp, orange, acid-sweet taste. Kernel is bitter. Stone is medium sized.

Komsomolets

Russia

Light-orange, with a large, very beautiful bright crimson, diffuse glow, occupying more than half of the fruit.

Originated in 1934 at Middle-Asia station of All-Union institute of Plant Growing from planting of a stone of European variety.

Early-mid season

Very large (weight 50-70 g). Irregular egg-shaped, with swollen sides, with slightly elongated and blunt apex. Abdominal suture is medium deep. Surface is slightly uneven. Skin is slightly fuzzy, with evident but small gloss. Flesh is light, bright-orange, below medium dense, juicy, without mealiness, high sugar content, with a little acidity and a pleasant aroma, taste very good, separating well from the stone. Stone is medium sized, oval, with a medium rough surface.

Konservnyy pozdniy (Canning Late)

Ukraine

The color yellow-orange with a big beautiful car-Minova blurry blush holding up to half of the fruit.

Originated in Nikitskiy Botanical Garden from seedlings in 1939.

Late season

Large (average weight 50 g.), from round-oval to rounded-ovate, slightly compressed on the sides. Surface is slightly uneven, rarely smooth, with a mat, velvety fuzzy thin skin. Fruits are fleshy, with a very small cavity. Flesh is light-orange, rather dense, medium juicy and medium sugar content, with a pleasant acidity, weakly aromatic, good taste. Stone is small.

Krasnoschekiy (Red-Cheeked)

Ukraine

Golden-orange with a nice diffused blush.

A seedling of unknown origin. Originator - Nikita Botanical Garden.

Ripening date 20-23 July.

Medium and large sizes (40 g to 52 g), round-flattened, ovoid, not compressed on the sides, with a deep abdominal suture at the base, The skin is velvet fuzzy, quite thin, but dense. Flesh is pale orange, with subacid-sweet, characteristic apricot aroma.

Krasnoschekiy iz Nikolaeva (Red-cheeked from Nikolaev)

Ukraine

Yellow-orange, with a beautiful blush.

Originated in the State Nikita Botanical Garden by K.F. Kostina from the clones of Krasnoschekiy (Red-cheeked).

Ripen in mid July.

Large, weighing 55-60 g, widely-roundish-ovate. Fibrous flesh is, bright orange, with a harmonious combination of sugar and acidity, has a good taste. Stone is above medium size, widely-oval, asperous.

Krasnoschekiy Nikitskiy (Nikitskiy Red-Cheeked)

Ukraine

Orange, with a large beautiful diffused blush.

A clone of Krasnoschekiy originated in Botanical Garden.

Mid season

Large (average weight 57.0 g), broadly ovoid, with elongated and slightly depressed apex, slightly compressed on the sides, sometimes with uneven development of the halves. Abdominal suture is medium deep, at the base narrower and deeper. Skin is medium fuzzy, quite thin and tight. Flesh is bright, pinkish-orange, rather dense, medium-juicy, with a small mealiness when overripens, medium sugar content, with a marked pleasant acid and aroma, very good, substantial taste, separating well from the stone.

Krasnoschekiy Pozdniy (Red-cheeked Late)

Ukraine

Yellow-orange sometimes with weak light carmine blush.

Originated in the State Nikita Botanical Garden by K.F. Kostina from the best clones of Krasnochekiy (Red-cheeked) variety.

Ripens in late July.

Fruits are large, weighing 60 g, rounded-ovate or rounded-oval, much compressed on the sides, with a very narrow and deep suture, especially in the lower half of the fruit. Skin is fuzzy, thick. Flesh is light orange, medium solid, with a little acidity and a slight aroma.

Krasnyy Partizan (Red Partisan)

Ukraine

Yellow-orange, with a large diffused crimson blush.

Originated from a collection of unknown varieties in Nikitskiy Botanical Garden.

Late season

Very large (average weight 65 g), broadly-oval, much compressed on the sides, with a deep abdominal suture, especially at the base. Skin is soft and slightly fuzzy, slightly shiny. Flesh is yellow-orange, dense, medium-juicy, with a harmonious combination of acidity and sugar content, medium aroma, easily separated from the stone. Stone is medium-sized.

Kubanskiy chernyy (Kuban Black)

Russia

Dark-purple

A seedling from an open pollination of Monarezi variety. Originated at the Crimean Experimental Breeding station of the N.I. Vavilov All-Russia Research Institute of Plant Industry by G.V. Yeremin, A.V. Isachkin.

Ripens in late July.

Fruits are large, 35 g, oval, fuzzy. Flesh is yellow, medium solid, juicy, acid-sweet, aromatic, good taste. Stone is medium sized, detaching.

Kuibyshevskiy Yubileynyy (Kuibyshev jubilee)

Russia

Orange diffused with a blush on the sunny side.

Originated by V.A. Molchanov and A.N. Minin in Samara Botanical Garden and at the Samara Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture by planting the seeds from an open pollination of a seedling number 4.

Harvest - July 20-25.

Medium size, more or less univariate, average mass 22 г. rounded shape. Rounded apex. Skin is thin. Flesh is orange, slightly fibrous, juicy. Juice is colorless. Taste is acid-sweet, with a pleasant aroma.

Lel

Russia

Orange without a blush

A seedling of its own second or third generation from an open pollination. Originated in 1986 by A.K. Skvortsov and L.A. Kramarenko.

Ripen early

Fruits are weighing about 20 grams, rounded, slightly flattened on the sides, skin is barely fuzzy, the fruits are beautiful, very shiny. Flesh is firm, tender, orange. Fruit of this variety is the most delicious, with the harmonious combination of acidity and sugar.

Liabaud

France

Pale yellow, with an orange touch on the sunny side.

Originated by M. Liabaud at Croix-Rousse, near Lyons.

Ripen nearly a month before Moorpark.

Fruit is large, oval, and inclining to oblate, somewhat flattened; marked with a narrow, pretty deep juncture. Flesh is pale orange, tender, juicy, transparent, melting, richly flavored and fragrant, easily separating from the stone. Kernel is bitter.

Luchshiy Michurinskiy (Michurin’s Best)

Russia

Yellow, with a slight blush on the light side.

Originated by I.V. Michurin in 1931.

Late season

The fruits are quite small (weight 15 g), shape varies from broadly-oval to flattened-round, much compressed on the sides, with a deep abdominal suture, slightly downy. Flesh is yellow, very dense, acid-sweet, with a weak bitter taste at the skin, satisfactory taste. Stone is a small. The seed is bitter.

Luizet (Du Clos)

France

Orange covered with a crimson blush, which is dotted with darker crimson on the sunny side.

Originated by M. Luizet, of Ecully, near Lyons.

Ripen in July.

Large, oval, marked on one side by a, distinct suture, which is higher on one side than the other. Flesh is deep yellow, firm, rich flavored, and fragrant, easily separating from the stone, which is impervious. Kernel is bitter.

Mirsandzhali

Uzbekistan

Yellow, with a thick orange tan on the light side, usually without a blush or some forms have a small diffused carmine blush.

Originated from Fergana Valley. Very popular local variety.

Mid season

Medium or below medium sized (average weight 20-23 g), broadly oval or round-ovoid, slightly compressed on the sides, with a rather broad funnel  with large rugate edges, at the base and with a rounded-pointed apex. Abdominal suture is shallow. Flesh is yellow, medium-solid, very juicy, sweet, with weak acidity and flavor, without any signs of mealiness. Stone is medium.

Monastyrskiy (Monastic)

 

Lemon-yellow with a bright blush.

A seedling of its own second or third generation from an open pollination.  Originated in 1996, L.A. Kramarenko. Originator Institution - Central Botanical Garden.

Ripening late, in hot years in mid August, in cold - in the second half - the end of August.

In some years the average weight of fruit is 30-40 g, some are more than 50 g. Fruits are oval, slightly irregular, compressed on the sides, skin is fuzzy, rough. Flesh is orange, juicy, medium solid, slightly mealy.

Musa

Russia

Light yellow with an orange tan.

An aboriginal variety of popular selection of Dagestan (Hadzhal-Mahi). Originator - Dagestan Breeding Experimental Station of fruit crops (DSOSPK).

Ripening date - July 28-30.

Fruit is medium sized, up to 40 g, oval, compressed on the sides. Skin is thick, medium fuzzy, solid. Flesh is orange, medium-fibrous, medium solid, poorly juicy, with a considerable acidity.

Newcastle

USA

Yellowish-orange, with a beautiful, diffused, carmine blush

Selected in America in 1881.

Very early ripening

Medium size (average weight 35 g) from flattened-rounded and rounded to rounded-oval, with swollen sides; abdominal suture is medium deep. Surface is smooth, rarely slightly lumpy.  Skin is quite fuzzy, sometimes with a faint gloss, light. Flesh is light yellow-orange, below medium density, juicy, with rather high sugar content and low acidity, medium aroma, very good taste. When overripens on the tree fibers become coarse and taste deteriorates. Stone is separating quite well. It is small, rounded, with blunt apex.

New Large Early

England

 White

Originated from Augoumois by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, and first fruitedting occured in 1873.

Ripens in an orchard house about the 20th of June.

Fruit is larger than Breda, about the size of Royal Apricot, oval. Skin is white like Sardinian. Flesh is very rich, and with a sweet, honied juice.

Nikitskiy

Ukraine

Orange, with a dark red blush.

The exact origin unknown. Selected from an old collection of Nikitskiy garden.

Early-mid season

Large (average weight 60 g), asymmetric, rounded-oval or rounded-ovate, often with unevenly developed halves, compressed on the sides. Abdominal suture is narrow, very deep at the bottom half. Skin is velvety fuzzy, mat. Flesh is bright orange, medium dense and rich, with some tendency to mealiness when overripens, high sugar content and acidity, very aromatic and tasty, well separating from the stone. Stone is above medium size, regular oval, with rounded and abruptly short acuminate apex, flat on the sides

Orlik Stavropolya

Russia

Light yellow, with pale-orange blush on the sunny side, carmine, clearly marked hypodermal dots.

Originated at Stavropol Research Station of Horticulture by a cross between Oranzhevo-krasnyy (Orange-red) and Bulbonsky. Authors:  A.I. Seredenko, V.V. Staryh.

Ripen at the end of the first decade of July, 6-10 days before Krasnoschekiy (Red-cheeked).

Large, medium univariate, weight 45-50 g fruit, flat-round shape. Apex is round, slightly drawn in, abdominal suture is small, nearly invisible, does not crack. Skin is slightly fuzzy, felted downiness, without a waxy coating, is not removed from the fruit. Flesh is orange, juicy, fibrous, acid-sweet taste. Juice is colorless. Stone is large, oval. Seed is sweet.

Spitak (Gevondy)

Armenia

Almost white, with a slight yellowish tinge when overripens, individual fruit has a small, light carmine flush on the light side.

An old Armenian variety.

Late season

Large or above medium size (average weight 42 g), rounded-ovate, very slightly compressed on the sides. Abdominal suture is deep. Skin is mat, with a short velvety downiness, dense. Flesh is white, very dense, crisp, medium-juicy, medium or above medium sugar content, fresh (almost without acidity and flavor). Stone is medium-sized.

Peach (Pêche; Gros Pêche; Be Nancy; De Wirtemherg; Royal Peach)

France

Pale yellow in shade, and with a slight red touch on the sunny side.

Probably originated at Nancy, period is unknown.

Ripe in the end of August and beginning of September.

 

Fruit, large, oval, and flattened, marked with a deep juncture at the base. Flesh is reddish yellow, very delicate, juicy, and sugary, with a rich and somewhat musky flavor. Stone is large, flat, rough, and pervious along the back. Kernel is bitter.

Pervenets Samary (Kuibyshevskiy Ranniy), eng: Samara’s Firstborn (Kuibyshev early)

Russia

Uniform light orange

Originated by V.A. Molchanov and A.N. Minin in Samara Botanical Garden and the Samara Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture seedlings from a cross between seedlings of unknown origin, number 12 and a seedling number 5.

Harvest - 15-20 July.

Fruits are medium, univariate, average weight 18-22 g, rounded shape. Apex is slightly elongated. Abdominal suture is of medium depth, well-visible. Skin is thin, slightly fuzzy. Flesh is orange, tender, juicy. Juice is colorless. Taste is acid-sweet, with a pleasant aroma.

Pikantnyy (Spicy)

China (Manchuria)

Yellow with dark red covering in the form of small dots

A seedling of Manchurian apricot from an open pollination. Originator - South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Breeding. Authors:  K.K. Mullayanov, A.E. Pankratov,  V.I.Putyatin, I.G. Zamyatina.

Mid-season

Fruits weighing 16 g, round. Flesh is light orange, medium.

Pyotr Komarov

Russia

Pale green, with slight carmine blush.

Originated in DalNIISH by G.T. Kazmin and V.A. Marusich from a cross between Luchshiy Michurinsky (Michurin’s Best) and Laureate varieties.

Mid-season

The fruits are medium, weighing 25-28 g, attractive. Skin is slightly fuzzy. Abdominal juncture is small. Flesh is juicy, tender, palely-yellow, pleasant acid-sweet taste.

Ranniy Marusicha (Marusich Early)

Russia

Yellow, the covering reddish

Originated by E.F. Korolyova, G.T. Kazmin, V.A. Marusich in DalNIISH from intervarietal crosses (Laureate x Khabarovsk).

Ripening falls at the end of July (25-28 July).

Fruits are univariate, average weight 28 g, max 32 g. Shape is rounded, truncated. Apex is round. Abdominal suture is of medium depth, well-visible. Flesh is of average juiciness, yellow, acid-sweet.

Reklamnyy (Advertising)

Russia

Light-yellow with a pink blush on the sunny side with clearly marked reddish-purple (carmine) dots, covering from 1 / 2 to 1 / 4 of the fruit.

Originated at Stavropol Research Station of Horticulture from a cross between the selected form Zherdeli and Krasnoschekiy pozdniy (Late Red-cheeked) varieties. Authors: A.I. Seredenko, V.V. Staryh.

Ripening (late July), 3-6 days after Krasnoschekiy (Red-cheeked).

Fruits are large, univariate, average weight 40-45 g, rounded-oval, slightly compressed on the sides. Skin is medium thick, slightly fuzzy, dull, does not come off of the fruit. Flesh is pale yellow, juicy, slightly fibrous, medium solid, acid-sweet with apricot flavor. Juice is colorless. Stone is of medium size, roundish-oval.

Samarskiy (Samara)

Russia

Uniform yellow

Originated by A.N. Minin at Samara Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture as a result of a cross between Kuibyshevskiy Yubileynyy (Kuibyshev jubilee) and (Kuibyshevskiy ranniy (Kuibyshev early) varieties.

Harvest - 7-12 August.

Fruits are medium, univariate, average weight 17.6 g, egg-shaped. Apex is slightly elongated, funnel is narrow, shallow. Abdominal suture is of medium depth, well-visible. Skin is medium, tender, and slightly fuzzy. Flesh is yellow, juicy, and dense. Juice is colorless. Acid-sweet taste. Stone is well separated from the pulp, medium, ovoid, smooth.

Sayanskiy (Sayan)

Russia (Khakass Republic)

Yellow-green color with a slight blush, yellow inside the head.

Originated in the homestead garden of the Khakass Republic in 1979 from a mixture of second generation seedlings of Khabarovsk selected forms by I.L. Baikalov.

Yield from one tree by the age of 11 years is 17 kg, maximum 45 kg

Fruits’ average weight 25 g, max 35 g. slightly compressed on the sides, with prominent juncture. Flesh is dense, orange, medium-juicy, acid-sweet, pleasant taste. Stone is easily separated, kernel is bitter. 

Seraphim

Russia

Yellow, almost creamy, the covering is orange or orange-carmine  on the sunny side, intensively diffused from the stalk in form of spots and brown dots, covering the half or one third of the fruit.

Originated by G.T. Kazmin in DalNIISH from pollination of Luchshiy Michurinsky (Michurin’s Best) by a mixture of pollen of varieties – Krasnoshchekiy (Red-cheeked), Alexander Ranniy (Alexander Early), Overenskiy Skorospelyy (Precocious Overenskiy).

Ripen 15-20 July. The average yield is 33 kg of fruit from the tree.

Fruits are rounded, unequal, and somewhat flat. Average weight 28.6 g, maximum 35.0 g. Apex is flat with small rostel. The skin is heavily fuzzy, hardly removed from the pulp. Flesh is creamy, does not change the color on air, color of cavity is the same as flesh color. The consistency of pulp is tender, slightly mealy, medium solid. Taste subacid-sweet, very pleasant medium aroma.

Severnoye Siyaniye (Northern Lights)

Russia

Dark green covered with rough modest color on the sunny side in early August. By the middle of the month this coloring takes a pink tinge, and further becomes red, making it very efficient.

A third generation seedling, selected among Chemalsky plants obtained from Far Eastern varieties. Sowing and cultivation of annual plants conducted in the Altai Mountains, and further growth, selection in (1989) and reproduction held in Khakassia. Authors: I.L. Baikalov and M.N. Matyunin M.A. Lisavenko Research Institute of Horticulture of Siberia.

Ripens later than August 15-17.

Fruits are large 25-30 g, rounded with a small keel and well-visible juncture. Flesh is medium solid and medium juicy, light-orange, good taste.

Shalakh (Shalagi, Limonnyy, Yerevanskiy)

Armenia

Light, pinkish-yellow or pale-yellow, sometimes with a gentle, diffused pale-crimson tan or blush on the light side, often without it.

An old Armenian variety.

Early-mid season

Large to very large (average weight 45-50 g., in some cases up to 80-90 g), elongated, oval-ovoid or ellipsoidal shape, with rounded-acuminate apex and slightly tapered base, almost not compressed on the sides. Skin is mat, velvety fuzzy, quite dense. Flesh is creamy, medium solid, juicy, medium sugar content, with low acidity, slightly aromatic, good taste, sometimes with coarse fibers when overripens on the tree. Stone is a relatively small.

Shindahlan

Russia (Dagestan)

Pinkish-cream with a blush when fully ripe.

An aboriginal variety of popular selection of Dagestan. Originator - Dagestan Breeding Experimental Station of Fruit Crops (DSOSPK).

Ripen from 20 June until the end of July dye to the vertical zonality.

The fruit is medium sized 48-40 g, medium univariate, rounded, with a slightly depressed apex, with a deep suture. Skin is fuzzy, thick. Flesh is light, golden-yellow, with a more intense orange hue around the stone, of above medium density, juicy, aromatic, with a harmonious combination of sugar and acidity, very pleasant taste.

Shipley's (Blenheim)

New Zealand

deep yellow

Originated by Miss Shipley, the daughter of a former gardener to the Duke of Marlborough, at Blenheim.

Ripe in the end of July and beginning of August.

 

Large, oval. Flesh is yellow, moderately rich and juicy. Stone is roundish and impervious. Kernel is bitter.

Sibiryak Baikalova (Baikalov’s Siberian)

Russia (Khakass Republic)

Slight blush

A second generation seedling of unknown Far Eastern variety. Originated in the homestead garden of Khakass Republic in 1979 by I.L. Baikalov.

Ripening in late July - early August. Yield is average, 20 kg annually.

Medium - 25 g and large - 37 g, flat-rounded. Flesh is of medium density and medium juiciness, orange, pleasant taste, aroma.

Snezhinskiy (Snezhinsk)

Russia

Yellow, the covering is dark red with isolated dots

A seedling of Pikantnyy (Spicy) variety from an open pollination. Originator - South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Growing. Authors: F.M. Gasimov, K.K. Mullayanov.

Mid season.

Fruits weighing 22-23 g, rounded shape. Flesh is light orange, gentle.

Stavropolskiy Molodezhnyy (Stavropol Youth)

Russia

Pale yellow, palely carmine covering.

Originated at Stavropol Research Station of Horticulture. Authors: A.I. Seredenko and V.V. Staryh by crossing a selected form of Zherdeli and Krasnoschekiy Pozdniy (Red-cheeked Late) varieties.

Ripen in the end of III decade of July, 2-3 days later than Krasnoschekiy (Red-cheeked).

Fruits are large, univariate, rounded-oval, slightly compressed on the sides. Weight 48-50 g. Flesh is golden-yellow with a whitish hue, thick, juicy, sweet, with a weak acidity, easily separated from the stone. Skin is slightly fuzzy, velvety pubescence with a weak waxy coating, does not come off the fruit. Stone is average, obovate, pointed, easily separated from the pulp. The seed is bitter.

Surprise

Russia

Pale-yellow with a gentle blush.

Originated from a cross between elite seedling 8-3 (Uspekh (Success) x Triumph Severnyy (Triumph north)) and Yantarnyy (Amber) varieties. Authors: A.N. Venyaminov, L.A. Dolmatova.

Ripens in late July. Average yield is 17 kg from a 6-year-old tree.

Rather large, up to 45g, round-ovoid, slightly compressed on the sides. Skin is velvety, slightly fuzzy, and slightly nodular. Flesh is pale yellow, tender, dry, has high sugar content, with little acid taste. Stone is an oval shape, large enough.

Syn Krasnoschekogo (Red-cheeked Son)

Russia

Orange, with a diffused orange-red blush on the sunny side.

Originated at Rossoshan Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture by M.M. Ulyanischev from a cross between Zolotoye Leto (Golden Summer) and Krasnoschekiy (Red-cheeked) varieties.

Mid-late season

Fruits’ average weight 30-35 g, the largest fruit weigh 55-60 g, oval or round-oval, slightly or moderately flattened on the sides, quite regular. Skin is medium fuzzy. Flesh is bright orange, quiet dense, blended consistency, juicy, sweet with a light pleasant acidity and a faint bitterness, without mealiness, with a pleasant apricot aroma.

Tabarza (Tabarzen)

Armenia

Light yellow, sometimes with a greenish tint in shade and a little diffused dim crimson-red blush on the light side.

An old Armenian variety, a representative of Iranian-Caucasus group.

Early-mid season

Medium or above medium size (average weight about 25 g), oval, noticeably compressed on the sides, especially in the upper half and the back side. Abdominal suture is very small. Skin is thick and rather rough, slightly shiny due the relatively sparse downiness. Flesh is pale yellow, above medium dense, rather fibrous, medium rich, without mealiness, high sugar content, almost without acidity, very little aroma, with a separable stone, which fills almost the entire cavity. Stone is small, round-ovoid, with slightly pointed apex, blunt base, and with significantly swollen sides.

Tamasha

Russia (Dagestan)

Yellow with a blush.

Originated at Dagestan Breeding Research Station of fruit crops. Authors: Sh.G. Batyrhanov, A.S. Pokrovskaya, N.V. Malinovskaya.

Ripen early (18-20 June).

Fruits medium (40 g), round, univariate, yellow flesh, sweet.

Tilton

USA

Golden-yellow, often with a pinkish or reddish tan on the light side.

Originated from chance seedlings.

Late season

Medium sized (average weight 36 g), symmetrical, rounded-oval, rather strongly compressed on the sides. Flesh is golden-yellow, dense, low juiciness, insipid- sweet, with a weak aroma, taste is quite satisfactory. Stone is above medium size.

Tovarisch (Comrade)

Russia

Golden-yellow with pinkish tan.

Originated by I.V. Michurin in 1931 from seedlings of cultured Manchurian apricot.

Late season

Small (average weight 13 g), rounded, sometimes slightly flattened, with a deep abdominal suture, slightly fuzzy. Flesh is yellow, medium-solid, mealy, acid-sweet, aromatic, with a little tartness. Stone is a small. The seed is bitter.

Triumph Severnyy (Triumph Northern)

Russia

Yellow-orange with a greenish in shade when fully ripe with a uniform diffused or dark-red deep blush.

Originated from a cross between a famous old southern variety – Krasnoschekiy (Red-cheeked) and a seedling of apricot trans-Baikal Severnyy Ranniy (North early) variety by A.N. Venyaminov.

Ripens in late July - early August. The maximum yield from the tree - 64 kg.

Fruits are round-oval shape. weight 55 г. Skin is fuzzy, moderately thick, subacid. Flesh is orange, juicy, tender, melting, a pleasant sweet taste.

Tsarskiy (Royal)

Russia

Yellow, often with a slight blush.

A seedling of its own second or third generation with an open pollination. Originated in 1986, by A.K. Skvortsov, and L.A. Kramarenko. Originator Institution - Central Botanical Garden.

Ripen early - early August. Yield is average, but stable.

Fruits weight 20-22 g, oval, skin is thick, fuzzy. Flesh is orange, quite dense, juicy, tender, sweet, very tasty, with a strong flavor.

Ulyanihinsky

Russia

Yellow

Originated from a cross between (Tovarisch (Comrade) x Satser) x Krasnoschekiy (Red-cheeked) varieties. Breeder - amateur gardener L.M. Ulyanihin.

Ripen by the end of the third decade of July. The yield is high.

Fruit weight 26.4 g, maximum 33 g, oval-rounded shape. Flesh is tender, juicy, good acid-sweet taste. Stalk is short and dense.

Untsukulskiy pozdniy (Untsukulsky late)

Russia (Dagestan)

Yellow, the covering yellow-red, marble-like.

A variety of Dagestan Breeding Research Station of Fruit Crops (DSOSPK), a seedling from an open pollination of Subhany variety. Authors: Sh.G. Batyrhanov, A.S. Pokrovskaya, N.V. Malinovskaya.

Ripening very late - August 18-20

Fruits are medium 40 g, medium univariate, flat oval, compressed on the sides. The top is medium elongated, pressed with a rostel, the base is truncated, elongated, abdominal suture is of medium depth, well-visible, stalk is short, medium, easily separated from the branches and fruit.  Skin is medium, slightly fuzzy. Flesh is orange, tender gristly, dense; juice is light red, acid-sweet. Stone is easily separated from the pulp, flattened, egg-shaped.

Uralets

Russia

Yellow, anthocyanic covering everything with very small dots, taking up to 25% of the fruit surface.

Originated by F.M. Gasymov and K.K. Mullayanov from a seedling of an open pollination of Kichiginskiy variety. Originator – GNU South-Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Growing.

Mid season

Fruits weight 17 g, of rounded shape. Flesh is light-orange, tender, medium solid.

Uzden

Russia (Dagestan)

Lemon-orange with a blush and yellow covering.

A new selection of Dagestan Breeding Research Station of Fruit Crops (DSOSPK), a seedling from an open pollination of Kursadyk variety. Authors: Sh.G. Batyrhanov, A.A. Pokrovskaya, N.V. Malinovskaya.

Ripen early July 5-10.

Fruits of medium size (40 g), medium univariate, round, round apex. Skin is slightly fuzzy, almost bare. Flesh is citric, tender, melting, cavity coloring is yellowish, juice is colorless, sweet taste.

Vodoley (Aquarius)

Russia

Yellow, with a barely shown through blush.

A seedling of Lel variety from an open pollination. Originated in 1996 by L.A. Kramarenko.  Originator institution – Central Botanical Garden.

Ripening period is medium, as Grafinya’s (Countess) variety - in the 2d decade August.

Fruits are round, with a marked juncture, weight 25-30 g. not as shiny as Lel variety. Flesh is orange, tender, medium solid. Taste is acid-sweet, harmonious.

Vostochnyy Sayan (East Sayan)

Russia (Khakass Republic)

Red blush covering the most part of the fruit.

A seedling selected in 1991 among third-generation plants of Chemalsky Far-Eastern varieties. Authors: I.L. Baikalov and M.N. Matyunin  M.A. Lisovenko Reaserch Institute of Horticulture of Siberia.

Ripen in the first decade of August

Fruits are large 25-30 g, roundish, with a small juncture. Flesh is firm, juicy, tasty.

Vostochno-Sibirskiy ( East-Siberian)

Russia (Khakass Republic)

Yellow-green with a blush on half of the fruit and well-marked suture.

A seedling of the second generation of the Primorsky variety. Originated in the homestead garden of the Khakass Republic in 1981 by I.L. Baikalov.

Ripen very early second-third decade of July.

Fruits are large (35 g) and very large (up to 70 g), round. Stone is loose, kernel is sweet. Flesh is orange, very tasty.

Yantar Povolzhya (Volga Amber)

Russia

Yellow-green with solid yellow covering.

Originated by A.N. Minin at Samara Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture from a cross between Karlik (Dwarf) and Kuibyshevskiy Yubileynyy (Kuibyshev jubilee) varieties.

Mid season. Harvest: 25 July - 4 August.

Fruits are medium, univariate; average weight 21.5 g. shape is round. Abdominal suture of average depth, well-visible. Skin is tender, slightly fuzzy, easily removed from the fruit. Flesh is yellow, juicy, color of cavity is same as color of the flesh. Juice is colorless. Taste is acid-sweet.

Zhemchuzhina Zhiguley (Zhiguli Pearl)

Russia

Yellow, the covering - reddish spots.

Originated by A.N. Minin at Samara Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture from a cross between Kuibyshevskiy Yubileynyy (Kuybyshev Jubilee) and Karlik (Dwarf) varieties in 1989.

Harvest:  July 23-27.

Medium, univariate, average weight 21.5 g. shapes is oval-round; apex is round, broad funnel. Skin is medium, naked, with the fetus is removed with difficulty. Flesh is yellow-orange, medium, dry, camera is the same color as the flesh. Juice is colorless.  Acid-sweet taste.

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 27 October 2009 07:06
 

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