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Rosaceae
Table of apples part1 PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 03 November 2009 05:12

Variety

Country

Color

Creation

Harvest/Season

Description

Adams Pearmain

(also known as  Norfolk Pippin, Hanging Pearmain)

 

England

Striped red on a yellow background with a thin brown russet

Herefordshire, 1826

Parentage: Unknown

Harvest: Early to Mid-October, Season: November-March

Conical shaped fruit. Creamy white flesh is firm, crisp, tender, with a rich, nutty taste.

Akane

Prime Red, Tokyo Rose

USA, New Zealand

BR

Jonathan x Worcester Pearmain.; Tohoku Agricultural Experiment station, 1970

Harvest: Late August to early September

Round, bright red fruit with hard, crisp, juicy, white flesh. Tart, sprightly flavor resembling Jonathan. Good for drying. Hangs well on tree and is a better keeper than most Fall varieties.

Alexander

(Also known as: Great Alexander)

Ukraine

Pale green-yellow streaked with red or orange and flushed with brilliant red where in the sun.

c.1700s Ukraine, introduced to England 1805

Harvest: late September - mid October, Season: late September - mid October

Excellent cooking apple and good eating apple. Very large, conical shape.

Alfriston

England

Green

Sussex England, late 1700s

Harvest: Late season

Large, first class cooking apple.

Alkmene

Germany

BR

Parentage: Cox’s Orange Pippin

Season: October-November

Harvest: mid September

A very good quality eating and multi-purpose apple. Crisp, juicy with an intense distinctive flavor. Fruit is bright red in color. Not a keeper.

Allington Pippin

United Kingdom

Reddish flush or stripes over green or yellow

1894, Parentage: Cox x King of the Pippins

 

Season: November-December

Medium-size, conic. Cream colored flesh mellowing to intense fruit drop or pineapple taste. Sharp (acid) and good for cooking as it holds its shape.

Almata

USA

Dull red

Beautiful Arcade x Fluke 38 Crab; South Dakota

Harvest: End of August

Small to medium. Flesh is entirely red. Sour, but edible fresh when fully ripe.

Altayskiy Golubok

Russia

Almost fully covered by purple blush and blue touch

Ranetka purple x Saffron Pepin

Harvest: late August – early September

Small fruit, flattened-rounded, flat. Average weight 26g, maximum 30g. Flesh is yellow, juicy, acid-sweet, satisfactory taste. 

American Summer Pearmain

USA

Yellow-green flushed and streaked red to purple red

Early 1800s

Harvest: August, Season: August - September

Excellent early eating apple, also good for cooking. Medium size. Sweet, very juicy flesh.

Ananas

 Reinette

Netherlands

Russet freckles over gold skin.

 

1821

Harvest: October - November, Season: November - January

Medium size fruit. Yellow-white, sweet, sub-acid, aromatic flesh. Crisp and juicy with intense sweet, sharp flavor. Developing the pineapple flavor late in the season (its name means pineapple russet).

Anisovka

Russia

Greenish with bright blush, that covers almost the whole fruit

Anis alyy x Glogerovka

Harvest: September

Small fruit (60g). Flesh is white, juicy, acid-sweet with original flavor.  Stored in refrigerator till February-March.

Ariane

France

Bright crimson flush over a golden green background, flecked with attractive tiny patches of russet

Unknown parentage

Ariane has been developed through a series of more than 30 laboratory-reared intermediate generations.  One of the original grand-parents is Rome Beauty a popular American multi-purpose apple variety originating in the 19th century - but after 30 generations the link might seem rather tentative.

Season: late

The flesh is fairly dense, cream-coloured, and not particularly juicy.  The flavour is very acceptable - there is a hint of pear-drop (also found in Court Pendu Plat, although there is no evidence of Court Pendu Plat being one of Ariane's ancestors).  However it is otherwise fairly bland, and neither too sweet or too sharp.

Arkansas Black

USA

Dark purplish red, black

Probably a seedling of Winesap.; Benton County, Arkansas around 1870

Harvest: Late October - November

Extremely beautiful, medium size, smooth, round, dark purplish red fruits turn nearly black at maturity. Waxy skin. Crisp, juicy, very firm, yellow flesh. Distinctive aromatic flavor lends itself well to cider blending. Very good quality, use for fresh eating or cooking. Excellent keeper; mellows in storage.

Aroma

Sweden

Red

Ingrid Marie x Filippa; Raised 1945 at Balsgard Fruit Breeding Inst, Sweden. Introduced in 1973.

Harvest: Early October

At best, good, rich, fruity flavor; melting, very juicy, cream flesh. Can be weakly flavored. Skin predominately red flushed, smooth. Sweet taste.

Ashmead's Kernel

England

Bright green-yellow flushed orange with light cinnamon russeting.

Gloucester, England, 1720

Harvest: mid-October,

Season: December - February

Old late season apple of excellent flavor and highest quality. Sweet, slightly acid and highly aromatic flavor. Crisp, juicy flesh.

Autumn Gold

(Hein cv.), USPP #9,907

USA

Bright red blush over yellow-green.

Chance seedling; Tieton, Washington

Harvest: Two weeks after Golden Delicious

Keeps better than Golden Delicious.

Babushkino

Russia

Yellow-green

Raised near Moscow

Late winter

Medium sized apple (height – 6-7sm, width – 7-7,5sm) or larger than medium.  Flattened shape with trimmed top, wide ribbed. Skin is shiny and not oily at all. It’s very thick and first green and beautiful yellow-green when ripens and stored. There is no blush or it shows only near the stem of on the side of the sun.  There are few rusty spots. Flesh is white, fine grained, juicy, vinous-acid taste: more acid than sweet, with original touch, and very aromatic.

Baldwin

 

USA

Yellow base flushed with orange and striped red

Chance seedling; Discovered Massachusetts, USA, 1740

Harvest: October, Season: October - Feb

Medium to large. Juicy with sweet to sub acid flavor, aromatic and firm. Good cider base and great for pies.

Ballarat 'Stewart'

Australia

Green with a red blush

Ballarat, Victoria, 1870.

Harvest: Late October

Primarily a cooking apple, Ballarat is large, with creamy white flesh. Cooked it is excellent. The fruit will store for several months after maturity without needing refrigeration. Ballarat is very vigorous, and should be on a dwarfing rootstock.

Beautiful

Arcade

Russia

Yellow splashed with red

Russia, in the USA by mid 1800s, via Canada

Harvest: September

Short storage period.

Belfer

kitayka

Russia

Yellow with bright pink blush and dashed strokes and spots.

Belfer yellow x hybrid large-fruited Kitayka

Harvest: mid September

Large fruit (average weight 180g, maximum – 400-500g). Rounded-conic shape, narrow ribs at the top of the fruit. White, fine grained, juicy flesh, excellent taste. It’s not worse than best southern varieties.

Belle De Boskoop

Holland

Greenish-yellow flushed with brick red and a light russeting.

Bud sport of Rechette de Montfort; Holland, found c. 1856

Harvest: October, Season: November - April

Excels as a longtime keeper, sweetens in storage. Large fruit. Flesh aromatic, acid tart and crisp.

Ben Davis

USA

Bright red over yellow.

 

Harvest: Late September; Season: Late September through April

Once a commercial variety in US. Large, attractive fruit. Firm, coarse flesh. Not particularly flavorful. Winter keeper.

Berne Rose

(Also known as: Berner Rosen)

Switzerland

Reddish-yellow in color with greenish-yellow dots.

Origin in Switzerland, 1888

Harvest: Early October

Flesh sweet & juicy. Good keeper.

Bessemyanka michurinskaya

Russia, Ukraine, Latvia

Yellowish-green with white dashed orange-red stripes.

Skryjapel x Bessemyanka komsinskaya

Harvest: September

Fruit is rather large (120-130g), flattened-rounded shape, sometimes slightly ribbed. Flesh is slightly yellowish, solid, juicy, acid-sweet with nice flavor.  

Black Gilliflower

 

USA

Dark red deepening to almost black.

Connecticut as early as the 18th century

Harverst: September / October

Very uniform in shape and size. Large, oblong, conical ribbed fruit. Greenish white flesh. Rich, mild, sweet flavor and distinctive aroma. Hangs long on the tree but must not be allowed to over ripen as flesh soon becomes dry.

Black Oxford

USA

Deep purple

Maine, 1860s

Harvest: October, Season: Nov

Round fruit with a black bloom.

Blacktwig

USA

Green to yellow skin, flushed red.

Arkansas 1868

Harvest: Late season

Fruit large to medium. Flesh yellow, very firm. The ultimate in a tart apple. Tannic juice adds kick to sweet or hard cider.

Blenheim

(Also known as: Blenheim Orange, Rosy Blenheim, Woodstock Pippin)

England

Yellow flushed red

Blenheim/Woodstock, England, 1740

Harvest: October, Season: October - January

Large fruits. Flesh firm, crisp and sub acid, fine textured with characteristic nutty flavor.

Blue Pearmain

Unknown origin, before 1833

Red

 

Harvest: October, Season: November - February

Predominately red with a blue bloom. Mild, sweet rich and mild acid flavor. Flesh firm, rather coarse, and aromatic. This keeper dries and shrivels in storage, yet retains good flavor.

Boiken

Prussia

Yellowish with red cheek

known in 1828 in Bremen Germany

Harvest: mid October, Season: December - April

Medium-sized fruit, skin smooth. Flesh firm and fine grained. Refreshing, sprightly, sub acid flavor.

Bonnie Best

USA

Pale red striping

Cooksville, Wisconsin

Harvest: early October

Fruit are large. Flesh is creamy color, crunchy, tender, juicy and slightly tart. Keeps well in storage.

Bottle Greening

USA

Green with yellow cast blushed red on one side

Chance seedling; Discovered early 1800s, NY and Vermont border

Harvest: October, Season: October - Feb

Good keeper. Fruit large to medium sized. Flesh tender and very juicy, almost melting. Excellent quality. Bruises easily.

Braeburn

New Zealand

Red striped with an orange red blush on a yellow background.

Possibly an open pollinated seedling of Lady Hamil; New Zealand, 1952

Harvest: Late; Season: November - April

Fruit is medium to large. The flesh is pale, cream colored, crisp and juicy with a pleasant sub acid tart flavor. Fruits store for four months.

Bramley's Seedling

England

Greenish-yellow with broad broken brown and red stripes.

Propagated from a notable seedling; c. 1809 Nottinghamshire

Harvest: early October, Season: October - Mar

Fruit large. Flesh firm, juicy and sharply acid, high in vitamin C.

Breakey

Canada

Yellow-green with red stripes

Seedling of Calville Rouge; Developed in 1960s

Harvest: mid-Aug

Medium-sized fruit.

Brownlees' Russet

England

Covered with brown-green russet

1846

Harvest: October, Season: October - Mar

Medium-sized fruit. Crisp, tender flesh. Flavor is rich and aromatic.

Bushey Grove

England

 

Bismarckx Queen, 1897

 

Season: September-November

Sharp acidic cooker, very juicy

Calville Blanc

(Also known as: Calville Blanc d'Hiver)

France

Yellow / pale green with light red dots on sunny side

Introduced 1598 France or Germany

Harvest: late October; Season: November-March

Gourmet culinary apple of France, excellent for tarts. Good juice apple with more vitamin C than an orange. Good sauce and cooking apple as well. Fruit medium-large uniquely shaped. Flesh tender, sweet, juicy. Aromatic, spicy flavor.

Canada Reinette

France

Pale yellow skin with irregular patches of russet

Normandy, 1777

Harvest: October, Season: November - February

Excellent eating, good cooker and cider apple. Fruit medium to large. Flesh firm, coarse, juicy, sub acid, distinct aroma.

Carmeliter Reinette

France

Golden flushed red and russeted

1667

Harvest: November, Season: keeps into winter

Medium-sized. Sweet and aromatic.

Charles Ross

England

Red-orange streaks sometimes with a more yellow background.

Cox x Peasgood Nonsuch, 1890

Season: September-December

Handsome, juicy, versatile English classic - good for old-fashioned English cooking. The flesh is juicy but quite light, becoming almost powdery as it matures. The flavour is very sweet, but not bland - it has some of the aromatic qualities of Cox's Orange Pippin and is reminiscent of pears.

Cheddar Cross

England

Green and covered with russet.

Allington Pippin x Star of Devon; Raised in 1916 in England, introduced in 1949

Harvest: September

Medium in size, flattened shape, and indistinctly ribbed at the eye and on the body. The creamy white finely textured flesh is sub acid to slightly sweet in flavor. Savory with mellow acidity; crisp, juicy.

Chehalis

USA

Greenish yellow usually with a pink blush on exposed side

Probably a Golden Delicious Seedling; Near Chehalis river, Oakville, WA, 1955. Introduced in 1965.

Harvest: Late September to mid-October

Large apple. Resembles Golden Delicious in looks and flavor but larger, crisper and more elongated. Crisp, cream colored flesh. Medium-fine texture. Sweet, slightly honeyed, juicy eating and baking apple.

Chenango Strawberry

(Also known as: Strawberry Chenango)

USA

Yellowish or greenish-white skin striped with crimson.

Known since 1854, New York

Harvest: Late August - September

Medium to large fruit smooth skin. Flesh juicy, mildly sub acid, aromatic with a hint of strawberries. Skin smooth and tough. Pick when skin starts to turn milky.

Cherry Cox

Denmark

Often shows dark red stripes and splashes of the solid red fruit.

Sport of Cox Orange Pippin

Midseason ripening.

Keeps in storage one month longer than others of its type.

Chieftan

USA

BR

Johnathan x Delicious; Raised in 1917, Iowa Experiment Station. Introduced in 1966.

Harvest: early October

Fruits are medium in size, round, and bright red. Flesh firm, juicy, white. Flavor sub acid, milder than Johnathan but more sprightly than Delicious. Dual purpose, high quality. Keeps well.

Chinook,

 USPP #10,669, PBR #0386

Canada

Cherry red blush over yellow.

Splendour x Gala; Agriculture Canada, Summerland, BC

Harvest: Fuji season

Small. Outstanding dessert quality. Very long keeper.

Claygate Pearmain

England

Green blushed red and russeted

Surrey, England, 1823

Harvest: October, Season: December - March

High quality winter eating apple and keeper. Pick as late as possible. Medium to large oblong-conic fruit. Crisp, juicy flesh. Sugary, aromatic flavor.

Coe's Golden Drop

(Also known as: Bishop's Thumb, Golden Drop)

England

Yellow fruit flushed crimson.

1842

Harvest: August - September

Small; brisk, vinous and sugary flavor, juicy yellow flesh.

Cole's Quince

(Also known as: Quince, Pear Apple)

USA

Yellow

Maine, 1806. Introduced in 1849

Harvest: late August - late September

Cooking apple in July, eating apple when ripe. Large, ribbed fruit with a firm red juicy flesh. Mild, rich quince flavor and aroma. Very rare.

Connell Red

 

Dark red

Bud mutation of Fireside

Harvest: September - October; Season: October - April

Very productive, very hardy, large dark red high quality eating apple. Connell Red is a gorgeous Fireside type. A good late keeping apple for northern areas.

Cornish Gilliflower

 

Dull green with some dull brownish red and webbed with thin rough russet.

Cornwall, circa 1800.

Harvest: mid-late October, Season: November - January

Only in a rare year do a few develop clear dark red. Medium to large in size, round, conical shape, tapering at the nose to a 5-pointed base. It has always been considered a high quality eating apple, possessing a sweet, rich flavor. Intensely flavored, rich and aromatic. Said to emit a clove fragrance when cut. Should be picked as late as possible.

Cortland

USA

Light-greenish-yellow with dark-purple-red-diffused-striped blush

McIntosh x Ben Davis; Geneva, New York 1915

Harvest: September; Season: September through early October

Very white crisp flesh. One of the best salad apples because it doesn't brown quickly.

Court Pendu Plat

Europe (probably Roman)

Greenish-yellow  becoming flushed with orange-red with short broken stripes

Europe 1613 (probably Roman)

 

Name derived from Corps Pendu, referring to the shortness of the stem. Rich, aromatic fruit with a good balance of sugar and acid.

Cox's Orange Pippin

England

Pale green with red stripes, flushed orange

Ribston Pippin seedling; c. 1829 England

Harvest: mid September - mid October, Season: November - December

Well known, classic, very fine eating apple. Also excellent for all-around processing. Flavor enhanced by ripening off the tree. Fruit medium sized. Firm, tender, juicy flesh. Distinctive aroma and flavor.

Crawley Beauty

England

Dark green with red flush, broken stripes.

Sussex, 1900

Harvest: October, Season: November - February

Good commercial cooking apple. Fruit large. Flesh firm with acidic flavor, good when cooked.

Crimson Crisp

(Also known as: Co Op 39)

USA

Very bright mid-range red over yellow.

PRI (Purdue, Rutgers, Illinois Co Op)

Harvest: Early to mid- September

Small to medium. Extremely crisp. Very good, rich flavor. Moderately acid, spicy.

Criterion

USA

Dark red skin underlaid with stripes.

McIntosh x Ben Davis; Developed by New York Agricultural Experiment Station, 1898.

Harvest: Mid September to early October; Season: October - December

Larger fruit. Crisp pure white flesh resists browning when cut. Tart tangy flavor. Dessert quality. Excellent for eating out of hand, cooking, and cider.

Crofton

 

Yellowish green skin with a beautiful distinctive reddish pink blush.

Cross between Red Delicious and Yellow Delicious a

Harvest: mid October

Red Delicious shape, Yellow Delicious character. Mildly sweet flesh. Good for fresh eating, cooking, freezing, drying.

Davey

England

BR

Seedling of McIntosh; Discovered in 1928 & introduced in 1950

Harvest: late September

Highly colored, bright red, distinctly flavored, of Baldwin texture and keeping qualities. Good, brisk taste, hint of strawberry flavor, crisp and juicy.

Delblush

protected in France

(Also known as: Tentation' in France.

France

Golden yellow with orange blush. Lenticels prominent.

Golden Delicious x Blushing Golden (Griffith cv.); France, 1979, introduced by Delbard Nursery

Harvest: October

Medium. Oblong, conical shape. Crisp, firm, and juicy. Sweet, sub-acid, intensely aromatic to some. Keeps well.

Delcon

 

Dark Red

Cross of Delicious, Jonathan and Ben Davis

Harvest: late September to October

Full sized, dark red fruits shaped like a Delicious. Sweet, crisp, juicy, white flesh. Good fresh and for pies. Keeps into the winter.

Delicious

USA

Deep red

Possibly seedling from Yellow Bellflower; Peru, Iowa, USA

Harvest: late September; Season: September - November

Deep red skin covers a sweeter flavored apple.

Desertnoye Isaeva

Isaev’s Desert

Yellowish with diffused pink-red blush

 

Cinnamon Striped x Wealthy

Harvest: late August

Larger than medium size (120g), rounded-conic shape with long stem. Flesh is white, tender, very juicy, desert acid-sweet taste with a nice flavor.

Detroit Red

USA

Deep red

North Georgia

Harvest: late July to early August.

Classic deep red apple. Soft, snow white flesh. Curious ridges about the calyx.

Devonshire Quarrenden

(Also known as: Sack Apple)

 

Crimson

Old English or French variety, written up in 1685.

Harvest: August/September

Medium size fruit is attractive and shiny crimson. Flesh is crisp, juicy and sweet, with a distinctive flavor.

Discovery

England

Pale greenish yellow with brilliant crimson-red flush and conspicuous lenticels.

Possibly Worcester Pearmain x Beauty of Bath; Essex England, 1949

Harvest: mid August, Season: mid August - mid Sep

An early eating apple with a long shelf life for its type, also makes a good sauce. Crisp white flesh, tinged pink, excellent flavor with a hint of strawberry. Very good flavor for an early variety. Fruit tends to crack.

Duchess

(Also known as: Duchess of Oldenburg)

Russia

Greenish yellow with bright red stripes, splashes and russeted dots.

1700, introduced into England c. 1815

Harvest: August; Season: September

Good cooking apple, fair eating apple. Beautiful, medium to large sized. Flesh fine, firm and juicy. flavor tart, brisk and refreshing, first class. Keeps for only a few weeks.

Dulcet

USA

Deep red with a faint stripe and pronounced lenticels

Chance seedling of unknown parentage; Discovered near Wenatchee, WA

 

Flesh is white, crisp and enhanced with a mild, sweet flavor that is very aromatic.

Earligold, USPP #4,820

USA

Yellow

Chance seedling; Selah, Washington

Harvest: Early August Season: August

Medium size, clean yellow skin. Limited shelf life.

Early Harvest ‘July Pippin’

USA

Golden with slight blush of brownish orange.

USA prior to 1800

Harvest: July - Aug

Cooking apple, especially good for sauce, and eating apple when fully ripe. Crisp, tender, creamy white flesh with sub acid flavor.

Early Strawberry

USA

Dark Red

New York City around 1800

Harvest: July to August

Small, sprightly, aromatically flavored with solid rich dark red skin and crisp yellowish flesh sometimes streaked with red.

Edward VII

England

Shiny green or yellow skin

Golden Noble x Blenheim Orange; Imported from England. Introduced in 1908

Ripens late

Regarded by some as the finest winter apple for spring pie and sauce. A great cooking apple. Medium to large, flesh firm, tart and juicy. Flat-round to round shape. Keeps until Easter when it possesses a rich, sweet flavor.

Egremont Russet

England

Golden brown russet fruit often with black spots or markings

England prior to 1872

Harvest: late September - October, Season: October - December

Considered one of the best eating apples. Small, round. Greenish-yellow, richly flavored, very distinctive flesh, often described as nutty. Almost smoky, tannic quality develops after keeping and flesh becomes drier.

Ellison's Orange

(Also known as: Ellison's Orange Pippin)

England

Golden-yellow with crimson stripes

Cox Orange Pippin x Calville Blanc d'Hiver; Lincolnshire, England, 1911

Harvest: September - October, Season: October

Eating apple. Medium sized. Tender, juicy flesh with spicy anise flavor.

Elstar

(Also known as: Lustre Elstar)

Holland

80% light red stripe over yellow

Golden Delicious x Ingrid Marie; Holland 1955. Introduced in US in 1972.

Harvest: late August; Season: August - October

Large fruit with firm flesh. Very good for fresh eating and cooking. Flavor increases with about four weeks storage.

Empire

USA

Dark red

McIntosh x Red Delicious; Geneva, New York 1966

Harvest: September; Season: September through January

Fruit with heavy, waxy bloom. Creamy white juicy, moderately subacid flesh. High dessert quality also good for cider.

Enterprise

(Co Op 30 cv.), USPP #9,193

(Also known as: Co-op 30)

USA

Glossy full red

PRI (Purdue, Rutgers, Illinois Co Op), 1993

Harvest: Early October

Fruit is round, medium large. Flesh is yellow-cream, firm, crisp, or somewhat similar to Idared. Storage ability 4-6 months with a slight increase in flavor intensity.

Erwin Bauer

Germany

Deep yellow skin with stripes.

Duchess of Oldenburg x ???; Germany, 1928

Harvest: October, Season: October - January

Eating apple. Medium size fruit. Flesh especially hard and crisp with sweet aromatic flavor.

Fallawater

(Also known as: Tulpehocken, Mt. Pippin, Pound)

USA

Light Green

Pennsylvania, mid 1800s

Harvest: October, Season: November - March

Good sauce and culinary apple. Large, green fruit turning to light green upon ripening. Sometimes over 6 inches in diameter. Sub-acid to mildly sweet flavor.

Fearns Pippin

England

Brilliant scarlet

1780

Ripens early autumn.

Crisp, juicy, acid and sweet with an almost lemon quality. Mellows in keeping to a slight raspberry flavor.

Fireside

 

Green skin with scarlet stripes and sometimes a mottled orange flush.

McIntosh x Longfield; 1943.00

Harvest: October; Season: October - January

Large conical fruit. Crisp, sweet, juicy greenish white to yellow flesh. Excellent eating apple.

Florina

 (Querina cv.)

France

Purple-red over yellow.

612-1 x Jonathan; INRA Beaucouze

Harvest: With Golden Delicious

Medium to large. Very attractive. Medium firm. Aromatic. Keeps well.

Fortune

(Also known as: NY429, 'Laxton's Fortune')

USA

 

Empire x Schoharie Spy

Harvest: October

Very good "spicy" fresh eating quality. Fruit large, with an attractive color. Flesh yellow. Subject to bitter pit.

Franklin

USA

 

Delicious x McIntosh; Introduced by the Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station

Harvest: late September; Season: October

Well-colored fruit. Tender, crisp flesh, mild flavor. Resembles shape of Delicious, but far superior in eating quality.

Freedom

USA

Red fruit on almost invisible yellow skin.

Macoun x Antonovka; 1983, New York

Harvest: late September/early October, Season: October - November

Good multi-use apple. Medium to large fruit. Crisp, juicy, sweet, good-tasting flesh. Sub acid, sprightly flavor.

Freyburg

New Zealand

Yellow green with some russeting.

Cox Orange Pippin x Golden Delicious

Harvest: early October

Juicy, aromatic, creamy white flesh with firm fine texture. The flavor is a combination of apple, pear, and banana. Has a touch of anise and liquorice. Lightly acidulous and sugary.

Fuji

Japan

Yellowish green skin with an orangish-red flush and darker stripes.

Ralls Janet x Delicious; Japan 1962

Harvest: Late October; Season: October - January

Tall, rectangular, medium size fruit. Darker blush on sun side. Crisp, juicy slightly sub acid white flesh with outstanding texture.   May require up to 200 days to mature. Good keeper.

Gala

(Also known as: Royal Gala)

New Zealand

Yellow skin patterned with bright orange-red

Kidd's Orange Red x Golden Delicious; New Zealand, 1934

Harvest: October, Season: October-January

Excellent for fresh eating. A very pretty, medium size, conical to round fruit. Firm, juicy, fine textured, yellow white flesh. Sweet slightly tart flavor. Hangs well on tree.

Galarina (Borkh cv.)

France

Reddish coloring over green-yellow

Gala x Florina Querina; INRA, Angers, France, then tested & released by Quebec Apple Breeding Program

 

Small to medium size. Variable reddish coloring over green-yellow (when not fully colored). Some ribbing. Five-pointed calyx end. Smooth, thick, tough skin. Keeps 4+ months in excellent condition, holding flavor better than Gala.

Gano

USA

Light yellow   striped and flushed red

Ben Davis type; Kentucky/Missouri USA, 19th century

Harvest: late September, Season: through winter

It turns purple-red upon ripening. Flesh firm, crisp and juicy, sub acid flavor.

George Cave

England

Pale green-yellow with red flush diffused over one half.

1923

Harvest: July - mid-August

Flesh is sweet, tart and juicy.

Ginger Gold (Mountain Cove cv.), USPP #7,063

USA

Yellow with a blush

Golden Delicious type; Virginia

Harvest: mid to late August; Season: August - September

Can be picked green but will turn an attractive yellow with a blush if allowed to hang on the tree. Uniform fruit size. Keeps up to 6 months in storage.

Gloster

Germany

Red

Weisser Winterglockenapfel x Richared Delicious; Germany. Introduced in 1969

Ripens late in the season.

Conic shape, attractive fully red fruit with calyx end shoulder bumps. Larger, mostly 3" diameter. Good flavor, crisp flesh. Tarter flavor than Delicious.

Golden Delicious

USA

Golden yellow

Chance seedling of Grimes Golden; West Virginia, Introduced in 1900

Harvest: Mid September to late October; Season: October - December

Large conic fruit. Firm, crisp, juicy, flavorful flesh. Mild sweet distinctive flavor. High quality all purpose. Shrivels in storage. Requires gentle picking, bruises easily.

Golden Earl

USA

Yellow

Minnesota

Harvest: mid to late September; Season: September - December

Very hard apple. The flesh is very coarse and dryish. The flavor has components of both Honeygold and Haralson with the crunchiness of Northwestern Greening. Interesting traits of this apple are the ripeness bumps and deep calyx.

Golden Nugget

Canada

Yellow fruit with orange streaks and splashes.

Golden Russet x Cox's Orange Pippin; Nova Scotia, 1932 / 1949

Harvest: September, Season: October - November

A small, broadly conical, long-stemmed. Crisp, juicy flesh with extra sweet, rich, mellow flavor. Fine for eating out of hand, excellent for pies, sauce and apple butter. Short keeping life.

Golden Reinette

Europe

Green to golden-yellow with russet spots and a dull blush.

Late 1700s

Harvest: October, Season: October - January

Excellent eating apple, good for cider. Small fruit.

Golden Russet

USA

Russeted skin, varying from grey-green to bronze with a copper-orange cheek.

Seedling of English Russet; New York, 1845

Harvest: late October, Season: October - March

Excellent cider apple. The fruit is medium-sized. The flesh is fine grained and crisp, with sugary juices.

Golden Sweet

USA

Pale yellow

Connecticut, 1832

Harvest: September - Oct

Dessert and excellent sauce apple. Good for cider. Medium-large fruit with very sweet, juicy, rich flavor.

Goodland

Canada

Red and yellow

Open-pollinated seedling of Patten Greening; Manitoba, Canada, 1940s

Harvest: early September; Season: September

Excellent eating apple, delicious and aromatic sauce apple. Roundish fruit. Flesh crisp, juicy, tender.

Gornoaltayskoye

 

Yellow with bright red blush covering the whole fruit and strong waxy touch.

Ranetka purple x Saffron Pepin

Harvest: late August

Small fruit (28g), rounded-conic. Flesh is juicy, fine grained, acid-sweet taste.

Granny Smith

Australia

Green

1850

Harvest: late October; Season: October - December

Crisp and tart, and an excellent keeper.

Gravenstein

Italy

Orangish yellow fruit with red stripes

Italy, early 1600s.USA 1790

Harvest: August-September; Season: till early November

Large, round to slightly flattened. Thin skin. Crisp, juicy, fine grained, yellowish white flesh. Known for fine flavor. Unexcelled for cooking. Makes wonderful pies, desserts, sauces, and cider. With proper storage, keeps until November.

Greensleeves

 

Pale garnished with yellow, sometimes faint pink-orange flesh.

James Grieve x Golden Delicious

Harvest: mid to late September

Size is medium, shape oblong or round-conic. The fruits are crunchy and sweet with a nice tangy bite.

Grenadier

England

Pale green ribbed apple with russet dots.

England, prior to 1862

Harvest: mid August, Season: till October

Large ribbed apple. Flesh tinged green, tangy, juicy and rather honey-flavored. Cooks to a fluff, good for baking and purees.

Grimes Golden

USA

Yellow

West Virginia, 1832

Harvest: October; Season: October - January

Multiple uses, superior eating apple, great cider, keeps well. Medium to large clear yellow fruit. Flesh is crisp, fine-grained, and juicy yellow flesh. Rich, distinctive, aromatic spicy flavor.

Grove

USA

Striped orange-red over yellow green.

Ingram x Delicious; Introduced in 1935 by Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station

Harvest: mid to late October.

Fruit is medium large, conic in shape, having a dull finish, striped orange-red over yellow green. The flesh is pale cream color, very sweet and juicy.

Grushovka rannyaya

 

 

Russia

Greenish-yellow, creamy with delicate pink blush and stripes when ripe

Grushovka  moskovskaya x Papirovka

Harvest: early  August

Medium sized fruit (75g), flattened-rounded, uniform, smooth.  Flesh is light-yellow, fragrant, juicy. 

Haas

USA

Green-yellow ribbed fruit with red stripes.

Missouri, 1872

Harvest: September

Tender white flesh sometimes stained red. Qunce-like texture.

Hampshire, USPP #8,519

USA

Red blush with little striping.

Originated as chance seedling in a Red Delicious O; New Hampshire, introduced in 1990,

 

Fruits are large and uniformly round to oblate. Skin is thin and tough, flesh creamy white, slow to discolor. Sub-acid, yet mildly sweet, sprightly, good aromatics. Has excellent storage life.

Haralred

(Lautz cv.)

 

Redder than  Red Haralson without the common russeting

Sport of Red Haralson; La Crescent, Minnesota

Harvest: September.

Selection of Red Haralson. Earlier, redder, and sweeter, without the common russeting problem many Haralsons have. Juicy, tart, firm flesh. Good keeper.

Haralson

USA

 

Malinda x Wealthy [Parentage verified by DNA tests; Minnesota, 1913

Harvest: late September; Season: October - February

Good baking, eating and cider apple. Flesh is crisp, juicy, firm. Mildly tart flavor, not acid. Holds its shape and texture in baking. Retains good flavor in keeping.

Hauxapfel

Germany

Red stripes over green skin.

1920

Harvest: late October, Season: November-March

Known as a cider apple, very good for cooking and baking. Excellent eating for those who enjoy a crisp, tart apple. Medium to large fruit.

Hayne's Seedling

 

Green shading to pale yellow

Seedling of July Tart

Harvest: Early October.

Excellent quality and a fine keeper. Green shading to pale yellow when ripe.

Hazen

USA

Dark red

Duchess Oldenburg x Starking Delicious; North Dakota University, introduced in 1980

Harvest: August to September; Season: September

Large round dark red fruit. Greenish yellow, medium firm, juicy, very sweet flesh; mildly sub acid flavor. Pleasant for eating, good dessert and cooking apple.

Herrings Pippin

England

Deep green, colored crimson on one side

1908

Harvest: September, Season: September - November

Excellent eating and cooking apple. Fruit large. Flesh crisp but tender when ripe. Spicy flavor, pleasing aroma.

Heyer 20

Canada

Yellowish green

Saskatchewan

Harvest: late August

Medium to medium large apple with a crisp, juicy, sweet flavor.

Hokuto

 

Red stripes on a yellowish background.

Fuji x Mutsu

Harvest: Late

Fruit is large, round in shape. Pale yellow flesh with high sugar and excellent flavor.

Holiday

USA

Shiny bright red over yellow skin with a prominent dotting.

Jonathan and Macoun (McIntosh x Jersey Black; Introduced by the Ohio Station

Harvest: late season

High quality fine flavored eating apple recently. It has inherited the good eating qualities of its parents with the rich flavor of Jonathan and the white juicy flesh of Macoun.

Holly

 

Glossy skin is evenly blushed with pinkish to deep, solid red.

Jonathan x Delicious; Ohio Agricultural Research Center, introduced in 1970

Harvest: early to mid- October

Large outstandingly beautiful apple has the color of the holly berry. Its shape is conic, sometimes having a blockish appearance. The creamy white flesh is mild in flavor, juicy and quite sweet, similar to Delicious. It keeps well until January. Fruit hangs well on the tree.

Holstein

Germany

Yellow fruit with blush of reddish-orange, sometimes lightly russeted.

Open pollinated seedling of Cox's Orange Pippin; Germany, 1918

Harvest: late September - October, Season: September - February, improves with storage.

Shape round conical. Flat base, slightly lop sided. Firm, juicy creamy yellow flesh. Aromatic flavor of Cox's Orange, but easier to grow.

Honeycrisp,USPP #7,197

USA

Red mottled over a yellow background.

Keepsake x [Parentage verified by DNA tests in 2004]; University of Minnesota, 1991

Harvest: mid September to October; Season: September - January

Has excellent eating and keeping qualities.

Honeygold

USA

Golden to greenish

Golden Delicious x Haralson; Raised 1935, University of Minnesota Horticulture Research Center. Introduced in 1969

Harvest: late October; Season: October - December

Hardy substitute for Golden Delicious developed especially for cold northern areas. Golden Delicious flavor, Haralson hardiness. Medium to large fruit with very smooth finish and reddish bronze blush. Flavor is sweeter and blander than Golden Delicious. High quality. Superior storage qualities.

Horse

USA

Greenish yellow usually with a pink blush.

Missouri, 1872

Harvest: early August.

The fruit is medium to large. It is very tart until fully. Flesh white stained red, firm, moderately fine, a little tough, sprightly, sub acid, aromatic.

Howgate Wonder

England

Yellowish-green fruit 1/4 to 3/4 flushed with brownish red and striped which changes to orange red.

Blenheim Orange x Newton Wonder; Isle of Wight, 1915. Introduced in 1932

Harvest: early October, Season: November - March

Large, late culinary apple. Yellowish-green fruit 1/4 to 3/4 flushed with brownish red and striped which changes to orange red. Firm, fine-textured flesh.

Hubbardston Nonesuch

USA

Red highlight of gold

Massachusetts, pre-1832 origin

Harvest: October, Season: October - December

Large, rugged fruit. Flesh hard, crisp yet fine-grained. Sprightly and rich flavor, becoming sweeter when fully ripe.

Hudson's Golden Gem

USA

Dull yellow russet skin

Unknown seedling; Oregon 1931

Harvest: October, Season: October - January

Excellent eating apple. Large conical and elongated fruit. Crisp, sugary flesh with nutty flavor.

Hunt Russet

USA

Golden russet with broken patches of smooth bright red on the cheek.

Massachusetts

Ripens late

Fruit medium sized. It is quite attractive for a russet apple, excellent in quality and a good keeper. Known to keep in root cellars over a year.

Idared

USA

Pale green-yellow flushed bright crimson- red with indistinct striping.

Jonathon x Wagener; Moscow, Idaho, 1935

Harvest: late October- early November, Season: November - March

Eating and keeping apple. Firm, green or pink tinged flesh has a pleasant flavor.

Ingrid Marie

 

Dark red fruit with large white dots

Seedling of Cox's Orange Pippin; Introduced in 1920

Harvest: late September.

At best, quite rich, lightly aromatic flavor, soft juicy flesh. Size is medium to large. Shape is flat round. Fruit cracks around the eye.

Irish Peach

(Also known as: Early Crofton)

Ireland

Green with faint red stripes.

Irish Seedling x Yellow Transparent; Ireland, 1800

Harvest: August

Good baking and dessert apple. Small fruit. Pleasantly rich balance of sweetness and acidity, fine aroma. Crisp, juicy flesh but on brisk side.

Iyulskoye Chernenko

 

Greenish-yellow with diffused dark-crimson blush covering the most fruit surface

Crimson Anise x Papirovka

Ripens by early August, but not simultaneously, fall off easily

Medium sized fruit (100g), wide-conic shape. Flesh is greenish-white, juicy, acid-sweet with strong and nice flavor.

James Grieve

Scotland

Red flush over soft yellow flesh.

Speculated to be seedling of Potts Seedling or Cox; Scotland, 1893

Harvest: September, Season: September - October

Medium to large fruit. Very juicy and acidic. Dessert, juice and cider apple. Doesn't keep well.

Jefferies

(Also known as: Everbearing, Grantham)

USA

Light red with darker red stripes.

Pennsylvania, 1848

Harvest: September, Season: September - November

Choice early fall apple. Thin-skinned fruit. Flesh is juicy, crisp yet melting. Rich, pear-like flavor.

Jonafree, USPP #4,633

(Also known as: Co Op 22)

USA

BR

PRI 855-102 x NJ 31; PRI (Purdue Rutgers Illinois Co Op), 1979

Harvest: Mid September

Medium size, fully or nearly fully colored. Flavor is Jonathan-like, but less acid. Keeps 10 weeks.

Jonagold

USA

Striped red over bright yellow

Golden Delicious x Jonathan; Developed at Geneva Station, introduced in 1968.

Harvest: mid September to late October; Season: September - November

Large fruit striped red over bright yellow. Firm, crackling, juicy, slightly tart, flesh. Superb, rich, full flavor. Finest dessert and eating quality. Good cooking properties. Will store in common refrigerator for 3 months.

Jonamac

USA

90% dark red over greenish background.

McIntosh x Jonathan; Developed by the NY State Agricultural Experiment Station, introduced in 1972.

Harvest: September; Season: September

Medium size, firm fruit. Flesh firm, crisp, high quality with flavor similar to McIntosh.

Jonathan

(Also known as: Philip Rick)

USA

Striped red with high color in spots.

New York, 1862

Harvest: October, Season: October - January

Good eating and keeping apple. Medium-sized attractive fruit. Flesh juicy and crisp. Flavor refreshing and sub acid.

Jonwin

USA

BR

Claimed to be a hybrid of Jonathan and Baldwin; Oregon State Experiment Station

Harvest: through September

It has the crisper texture of the Baldwin combined with the Jonathon's distinctive aromatic flavor, and is a brighter red than either.

Jubilee

 

Yellow overspread with deep red.

McIntosh x Grimes Golden; Summerland Research Station, B.C., 1926

Harvest: October, Season: October- February

Multi-use apple. Medium to large fruit. Firm, crisp, juicy flesh. Juicy, sub acid flavor.

July Red

 

Red

(Petrel x Early McIntosh) x (Williams x Starr); Introduced in 1962

Harvest: late July.

Very attractive, large, red fruit. Strongly scented with vinous or loganberry flavor; sweet, soft, juicy, white flesh.

Kandil Sinap

Turkey

Creamy, yellow porcelain-like skin with red blush.

early 1800s

Harvest: October, Season: October - February

Tall cylindrical apple. Crisp, juicy, fine-textured flesh, excellent flavor.

Karin Schneider

Denmark

Yellow with crimson

A red sport of Ingrid Marie

Harvest: October, Season: December - Apr

Medium large fruit, skin yellow skin with crimson. Sweet, aromatic flavor

Katja

Sweden

Solid red

James Grieve x Worcester Pearmain; Sweden, 1966

Harvest: September, Season: 2-3 weeks after harvest

Medium sized fruit with tough, thick skin. Juicy flesh. Good flavor.

Keepsake

 

Red

Malinda x Northern Spy; Introduced in 1979

Harvest: October - November; Season: October - April

Unattractive, irregularly shaped, 2.25 to 2.75 inch diameter, 90% red fruit. Fine grained, hard, very crisp, juicy light yellow flesh. Strongly aromatic flavor. Very hardy. Mellows with age. Attains peak fresh eating quality in January or February. Keeps in storage through April.

Kent

(Also known as: Malling Kent)

England

Greenish-yellow  flushed and striped red

Cox's Orange Pippin x Jonathon; East Malling, England, 1960s.

Harvest: mid-October, Season: November-Feb

Crisp, white flesh that is juicy with a sweet-sharp and aromatic flavor.

Kerry Irish

Pippin

Ireland

Shiny yellow sometimes striped red.

1802

 

Crisp, crunchy, hard flesh.

Keswick Codlin

England

Green-yellow sometimes with a faint blush.

First recorded 1793

Harvest: August - September, Season: September - Oct

Large fruit. Fine, tart flavor.

Kidd's Orange

Red

New Zealand

Pale greenish-yellow well covered by crimson flush and broken stripes of purple-crimson.  Patches of russet.

Cox's Orange Pippin x Red Delicious; New Zealand, 1924

Harvest: early October; Season: October - January

Medium size, conic, slightly ribbed. Patches of russet. Sweet, aromatic flavor and firm, fine-textured flesh.

King Cole

Australia

Bright red flush

Believed to Jonathan x Dutch Mignonne; Australia, 1912

Harvest: mid October

Bright red Jonathan flush, smooth skinned dessert variety. Good brisk tasting fruit, keeps until January.

King David

USA

Pale green fruit overlaid with deep dark red.

Arkansas, 1893

Harvest: late October to early November; Season: October - December

Medium size. Firm, crisp, spicy, juicy yellow flesh. Very rich and flavorful. Resembles Winesap in appearance and taste. Fruits never seem to drop and increase in brilliance of color as the season goes on. For best eating, should be picked when the red color becomes complete.

King of the Pippins

(Also known as: Golden Winter Pearmain)

England

Greenish-yellow to yellow fruit flushed with brown-orange and stripes of red, some russet patches.

Possibly Sturmer Pippin x Ribston Pippin.; England, early 1800s

Harvest: mid-October, Season: October - December

One of the best late eating apples. Firm, dry highly aromatic flesh with distinctive sweet-bitter flavor and almond undertones.

King Of Tompkin's County

USA

Yellow with orange red blush.

New York prior to 1804

Harvest: late September - mid October, Season: October - December

Large, smooth skinned fruit. Flesh yellowish, coarse, crisp, tender, flavor sub acid.

Kingston Black

England

Crimson over yellow orange base

1820

 

Bitter sharp taste.

Kinsei

Japan

Blushed yellow

Golden Delicious x Ralls Janet

Harvest: mid October

Large blushed yellow apple that is sweet and firm. Some calyx russetting can occur in warmer districts. Storage is rated excellent.

Kiparisovoye

Cypress

Russia

Whitish with stripes on the spotted background that constitute beautiful pink blush

Cinnamon striped x Slavyanka

Harvest: Late July

Small fruit (50-60g), flattened-rounded, uniform. Skin is smooth. Flesh is yellowish, juicy, sweet, with light heady touch.

Knobbed Russet

(Also known as: Knobby Russet)

England

Green and yellow sometimes scarlet streaked in the sun.

Sussex, England, 1819

Harvest: mid-late October, Season: October - February/March

Uneven surface is overlaid with rough gray and black russet, welts and knobs; worthy of its name. Crisp, rich, sugary, highly flavored flesh of the highest quality.

Krasavica Sada

Garden’s Beauty

 

Whitish-yellow with delicate pink blush

Suleypskoye x Borovinka

Harvest: late August

Fruit is rather large (up to 200g), flattened-rounded shape. Yellow, juicy, acid flesh with a nice flavor.

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