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Rosaceae
Table of pears part4 PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 03 November 2009 06:55

Variety

Country

Color

Creation/Origin

Harvest/Season

Description


Queen Victoria (Willison’s Queen Victoria)

England

Greenish yellow when ripe and cinnamon russet on the sunny side.

Author: Mr. W. Willison, a florist of Whitby, Yorkshire.

Ripen in the end of August and beginning of September.

About medium size, obovate, even. Stalk is placed without depression. Flesh is tender, juicy, sweet, and with an almond flavor.

Rannyaya (Early)

Russia

Greenish-yellow.  Hardly visible hypodermal dots.

Originated at Samara Experimental Station of promiculture from a cross between Bergamot Volzhskiy (Volga Bergamot) and Williams in 1936. Author: S.P. Kedrin.

Harvest: 15-25 August.

Fruit below medium size, weighing 70-80 g (maximum 150 g), pear-shaped or truncated-conical shape. Surface is smooth. Skin is medium thick, Non-coarse. Stalk is straight or slightly curved medium long and thick, slightly lignified, expanded at the base of the fruit. Flesh is yellowish, medium solid, tender, juicy, good acid-sweet taste, without granulations.

Rannyaya Sergeeva (Sergeev’s Early)

Russia

Lemon-yellow with a bright flush on the light side when ripe

Originated in North Caucasus Research Institute of Zonal Horticulture and Viticulture from a cross between Panna and Beurre Giffard varieties. Authors: L.M. Sergeeva, and E.I. Kosteckaya

Harvest: July 5-10

Fruit above medium size, elongated pear-shaped, very beautiful.
Flesh is white, buttery, juicy, tender, sweet, very good taste.

Rassvet (Dawn)

Russia

Greenish-yellow with reddish-brown diffused covering of medium intensity with  barely visible hypodermal dots.

Originated from a cross between Beurre Bosc and Memory of Congress. Authors: P.D. Yurchenko and T. I. Moskalenko.

Autumn

Fruits are large, non-univariate, pear-shaped with a wide neck, anisopleural, non-outlined. The surface is smooth. Skin is medium thick. Rust is only at the Stalk. Stalk is short, aslant set, thick. Flesh is buttery, light yellow, creamy; tender, soft, very juicy, acid-sweet with a faint aroma.
Fruit is very attractive with an excellent flavor.

Red Doyenne (Doyenne d'Automne; Doyenne Crotte; Doyenne Galleux; Doyenne Gris; Doyenne Jaune; Doyenne Rouge; Doyenne Roux; Grey Doyenne; Neige Grise; St. Michel Dore; St. Michel Gris)

France

Yellowish-green, but entirely covered with thin, smooth, cinnamon-colored russet, and sometimes with a brownish-red tinge on the side next the sun

Probably originated from the garden of the Chartreux at Paris.

Ripen in the end of October.

Fruit medium sized, obovate. Flesh white, tender, melting, very juicy, sugary, and vinous.

Red Face (Faccia Rosa)

Italy

Yellowy green with red cheek.

Sicily, Italy.

Harvest: Very early season.

Cocktail size, turbinate. Soft, sweet, juicy, some flavor.

Rekordistka (Champion)

Russia

Golden-yellow

Originated from pollination of Beurre Bosc with mixed pollen (Josephine de Malines + Passe-Crassane + Beurre Ardanpon). Authors: P.P. Kostyk, A.I. Tereschenkova, L.V. Hachetlova.

Ripen in late August

Fruits of medium size, pear-shaped. Skin is rough, dull, with gentle rust. Stalk is long, slightly curved.
Flesh is white with creamy, tender, buttery, acid-sweet, of dessert taste.

Rivers

France

Greenish with a bright brown russet.

Originated by M. André Leroy, of Angers, was named after Mr. Thomas Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth.

Ripen in September.

Medium sized; turbinate, regular. Stalk is very short thin, and set quite on the apex of the fruit. Flesh is very melting, juicy, with a rich vinous taste and a delicate musky aroma.

Robert Hogg

France

Somewhat deep green with fawn-coloured mottles of russet and small grey dots.

Originated by M. André Leroy, of Angers, first fruited in 1868.

In use in September and October.

Large, short obovate, widens towards the crown. Stalk is very short, rather obliquely placed in a slight depression by the side of a fleshy swelling. Flesh is fine-grained, very melting and juicy, richly flavored, aromatic, and with a moderate acidity.

Rogneda

Russia

Light yellow, individual fruits have a weak diffused red blush. Small, numerous hypodermal dots.

Originated in Timiryazev Moscow Agricultural Academy, from a cross between Tyoma and Flemish Beauty varieties. Authors: S.T. Chizhov, S. Potapov, V.N. Agafonov, A.V. Isachkin, A.G. Matushkin, V.I. Susov, I.I. Hanzhiyan.

Autumn

Fruit is medium in size (weight 120 g), mostly roundish (flattened-rounded and wide-diamond-shaped are rare), index of fruit shape is 0.92. Surface is smooth, shiny. Skin is medium thick and medium dense. Stalk is short and thick.
Flesh is beige –white, medium-solid, juicy, slightly buttery, good sweet taste with a strong nutmeg flavor.

Rossoshanskaya krasivaya (Rossoshan Beautiful)

Russia

Whitish-yellow, with green hypodermal dots, with intense, diffused dark-red covering.

Originate at Rossoshan Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture, from a cross between Tonkovetka mlievskaya and   Clapp’s Favorite. Authors: G.D.G.D. Nepozhniy and A.M. Ulyanischeva.

Late summer

Fruits of medium size, weighing 115-120 g, elongated pear-pear-shaped, outlined. Surface is smooth. Skin is thin. Stalk is medium or long with a fleshy influx at the base.
Flesh is yellowish, juicy, tender, acid-sweet.

Rossoshanskaya Rannyaya (Early Rossoshan)

Russia

Golden yellow, with diffused orange-red covering. Hypodermal dots are small, densely arranged, rusty.

Originate at Rossoshan Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture, from a cross between Rossoshanskaya krasivaya (Rossoshan Beautiful) and Mramornaya (Marble) varieties.  Authors: A.M. Ulyanischeva.

Ripen in the second half of August.

Fruit medium or above medium size, elongate-pyriform, outlined, smooth. The skin is smooth, shiny, and slightly rusty. Stalk is medium long and thick. Flesh is creamy yellow, acid-sweet, with medium aroma, tender, very juicy, buttery.

Rouge Red

USA

Blush red on exposed side,

more and brighter red than Seckel.

Comice x (Seckel x Farmingdale

seedling 122) 1969 by Prof. Frank Reimer, Oregon, U.S.A. out of quarantine Burnley.

Harvest: Late season.

Variable shape, large.  Very sweet

flesh, often achieving 17% soluble solids, drier and grittier than Comice.

Rousse Lench

England

Pale green, changing to lemon-yellow, with a slight russety covering

Originated by Mr. T. A. Knight, name after Rouse Lench, an estate near Evesham, the residence of Mr. Knight's son-in-law.

Ripen in January and February.

Fruit large, oblong or oval. Flesh yellow, buttery, juicy, sugary, and pretty well flavored.

Rumyanaya Berkut (Pink Berkut)

Russia

Greenish-yellow with orange-red covering, numerous small hypodermal dots.

Originated at Saratov Experimental Station of Horticulture, as a result of pollination of Skorospelka variety with a mixture of pollen (Bessemyanka + The Union + 26-41). Authors: O.D. Berkut, G.V. Kondratiev, N.V. Bodrov.

Summer

Fruit is below medium size, weighing 70-80 g. Form of elongated pear-shaped. Stalk is long, slender, curved, with the influx at the base.
The flesh is yellowish, thick, and juicy. Taste subacid-sweet, no tartness.

Rumyanaya Kedrin (Pink Kedrin)

Russia

Yellow-green, yellow when ripe with a bright-red blush on the sunny side. Numerous hypodermal dots are small and medium-sized, grayish.

Originated in Samara Research Institute of Horticulture and Medicinal Plants "Zhigulevskye sady" by hybridization of elite Volozhka with Clapp’s Favorite. Authors: S.P. Kedrin, T.M. Kedrin, A.A. Kuznetsov.

Summer

Fruit above medium size or large (average weight 145 g, maximum 400 g), wide-or narrow-pyriform, sometimes with broad edges at the cup and uneven surface. Skin is smooth. Stalk is usually thick, medium or short, straight-or slant posited, with a fleshy thickening at the fruit.
Flesh is white, juicy, melting, buttery, wine-sweet, excellent flavor.

Rusakovskaya (Rus.-1, Rusakovskaya limonka, Rusakovskaya rannyaya) eng: Rusakov, Rusakov Lemon, Rusakov Early

Russia

The main color of the skin is yellow, the covering missing. Subcutaneous point of the dark, well marked.

Discovered by F.I.Glischenkova in a homestead garden in Blagoveshchensk among the seven hybrid seedlings originated by M.S. Russakov from a cross between Tyoma and Ussuri pear in 50s of 20th century.

Late summer

Fruit is small, weighing up to 70g, univariate, roundish-conic, anisopleural with uneven transverse diameters, outlined by the form, slightly ribbed, with a smooth surface. Skin of the fruit is smooth, without rust. Stalk is medium long and thick. Creamy flesh. Taste is acid-sweet, flesh is soft, granular. Fruit is attractive.

Rusanovskaya

Russian

Greenish-yellow at the time of harvest, golden-yellow  with washed red cheeks during consumer period. Numerous hypodermal dots are small, green, well visible.

Originated in Michurin All-Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crops Breeding from a cross between Flemish Beauty and Beurre winter Michurin varieties.  Authors: E.N. Sedov, A.V. Parshin, N.G. Krasova, M.V. Mikheev.

Summer

Fruits of medium size, weighing 150 g, univariate, widely-ovoid or barrel-shaped, slant. Stalk is short, thick, curved.
Flesh is white-cream, tender, half-buttery, juicy, sweet taste.

Samarskaya Krasavitsa (Samara Beauty)

Russia

Greenish-yellow during harvest and yellow when ripe. Some fruit has small diffused brownish-red blush.  Numerous hypodermal dots are small, brown, in a green areola.

Originated in Samara Research Institute of Horticulture and Medicinal Plants "Zhigulevskye sady", from a cross between elite Kuibyshevskaya zolotistaya (Polya  x Pobeda (Victory)) and Dessert variety (Aleksandrovka x  Clapp’s Favorite). Authors: S.P. Kedrin, T.M. Kedrin, A.A. Kuznetsov.

Harvest: early September

Fruits are large or medium in size, average weight 140 g, maximum 350 g, elongated pear-shaped, bottle shaped, sometimes asymmetric. Skin is medium thick, smooth. Stalk is long, medium thick, slightly curved and fleshy at the base of the fruit.
Flesh is white, juicy, sometimes coarse, sweet-subacid, good or moderate taste,

Samaryanka

Russia

Yellowish-green, yellow when fully ripe, with numerous hypodermal dots of medium size, in green areola.

Originated in Samara Research Institute of Horticulture and Medicinal Plants "Zhigulevskye sady", from a cross between Bessemyanka and Premium (Ussuri x Clapp’s Favorite) varieties.  Authors sort: S.P. Kedrin, T.M. Kedrin, and A.A. Kuznetsov.

Harvest: the middle of August.

Fruits widely-pyriform sets by one, average weight of 110 g, relatively outlined by size, with a smooth surface. Skin is smooth, Stalk is medium long and thick, slightly lignified, straight or slightly curved, straight or aslant set, sometimes slightly broadened at the base. Flesh is white, tender, very juicy, sweet, good taste.

San Giovanni (St. John)

Italy

Greeny yellow.

South Italy mentioned since 1660.

Harvest: Very early season.

Cocktail pear size, turbinate. Soft, sweet, juicy flesh, with good flavor.

Seckle (New York Red-cheek; Shakespear; Sicker)

USA

Yellowish-brown on the shaded side, and reddish-brown next the sun

American origin.  First noticed by an American pomologist Coxe.

Harvest approximately 3 weeks after Bartlett. Ripen in October.

Fruit small, obovate. Flesh buttery, melting, and very juicy, very sweet and rich, with a powerful aroma.

Selyanka  (Rossoshanskaya Krupnaya)

Russia

Light yellow with diffused crimson covering. Rather visible hypodermal dots.

Originated at Rossoshan Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture. Initial form: Flemish Beauty - free pollination. Authors: A.M. Ulyanischeva, O.V. Ryazantseva.

Late Autumn

Fruit above medium size (average weight 190 g), short-pyriform. Fruit surface is smooth. The skin is thin. Stalk is medium long and thick.
Flesh is creamy-white, acid-sweet, with a weak aroma, very juicy, medium solid, with consistency tender.

Serrurier (Serrurier d'Automne; Neuve Maison)

Belgium

Uniform yellow with large russet dots, and a few patches of thin russet.

Originated by Van Mons around 1825, named after his friend J. F. Serrurier, a member of the Institute of Holland..

Ripen in October and November.

Large, pyramidal, even and regularly formed. Skin is smooth. Stalk is very stout, placed in a narrow depression. Flesh is coarse-grained, melting, with a thin, rather vinous juice, but without much flavor.

Severyanka (Northener)

Russia

Greenish-yellow with a faint tan during harvest,   yellow with a little verdure and a dim blush during consumer period.

Originated in the Michurin All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants from a cross between Koperechka №12 and Clapp’s Favorite.

Early Summer

Fruit are below medium size, truncated-conical, non-univariate. Stalk is long, medium thick, set aslant.
Flesh is creamy, juicy, medium solid, acid-sweet taste, without tartness, with a weak flavor.

Severyanka Krasnoschekaya (Red-cheeked Northener)

Russia

Light-yellow with a brownish covering during harvest, light-yellow with a brownish-red covering on the sunny side in storage.

Originated in the Michurin All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants from a cross between Severyanka (Northener) and Krasnoschekaya (Red-cheeked). Author: S.P. Yakovlev.

Ripen in mid-August

Fruit are below medium size, medium univariate, oval, smooth surface. Stalk is medium, not thick, set straight.
Flesh is slightly creamy, medium solid, half-buttery, juicy, acid-sweet taste with a faint flavor, no astringency or stony cells.

Shihan

Russia

Green during harvest with lots of small, hardly noticeable, hypodermal green dots; becomes lemon-yellow, sometimes with little tan on the sunny side when ripe.

Originated in the North Caucasus Research Institute of Zonal Horticulture and Viticulture from a cross between Beurre Napoleon and Toulouse varieties. Authors: L.M. Sergeev and E.I. Kostetskaya.

Ripen in late September.

Fruit above medium size, large when irrigated, short-pyriform, sometimes rounded, non-univariate. Skin is tender, smooth, mat.
Flesh is white, tender, juicy, melting, with a pleasant acidity, very good taste.

Shobden Court

England

Deep, rich yellow, with a blush of red next the sun, and covered with rough russety dots

Author: Mr. T. A. Knight, President of the Horticultural Society of London. Named after Shobden Court, Herefordshire, the seat of Lord Bateman.

Ripen in January and February.

Fruit below medium size, oblate, even in its outline. Flesh white, coarse-grained, juicy, briskly acid and sweet, but not highly flavored.

Shuranovka № 3

Russia

Solid yellow with light greenery and light purple diffused blush. Surface is covered with numerous pale-brown small hypodermal dots.

Originated by P.G. Shuranov in Khabarovsk from hybrid seeds sent to him by I.V. Michurin in 1911. Own-rooted hybrids were not sufficiently winterhardy, and some of them were imped in the crown of the Ussuri wild pear. Out of these branches 5were allocated under the collective name "shuranovki" and became propagated in home gardens of Khabarovsk.

Ripen in late September.

Fruits are medium size for the Khabarovsk Territory (average weight 75 g, maximum 90 g), round or ovoid, univariate, surface is smooth. Stalk is medium long and thick.
Flesh is white, tender, juicy, acid-sweet with a specific strong aroma.

Sibiryachka (Siberian)

Russia

Greenish-yellow

Originated in M.A. Lisavenko Research Institute of Horticulture of Siberia from a cross between Beurre kozlovskaya and Ussuri pear varieties. Author: N.N. Tikhonov.

Ripen in early September

The fruits are small, weighing 35-62 g, roundish, with five smooth edges. The skin is mat, smooth. Stalk is long, thick.
Flesh is creamy, juicy, acid-sweet, tart, moderate taste, darkens in storage.

Sinclair (Sinclaire d’Été) 

Belgium

Lemon-yellow, with a faint red blush on the sunny side.

Author: Van Mons. Named after the eminent Scotch agriculturist - Sir John Sinclair.

Ripen during October.

Large, long turbinate, even and symmetrical in shape. Skin is smooth. Stalk is fleshy in the lower part, where it gradually expands out into the surface of the fruit. Flesh is fine-grained, buttery, melting, with a rich vinous flavor and a fine musky aroma.

Skazochnaya (Fantastic)

Russia

Green during harvest. Yellow-green when ripe. Numerous hypodermal dots are large, gray, well-visible.

Originated in South-Ural Research Institute of Promiculture and Potato Growing from a cross between Nejnost (Tenderness) and Povislaya (Drooping) varieties. Authors: E.A. Falkenberg, M.A. Mazunin, V.I. Putyatin.

Ripen in late summer.

Fruits above average size, average weight 180 g, maximum 250 g, univariate, very beautiful, and regular-shaped. Skin is dry and dull. Stalk is long, thick, curved. Flesh is white, medium solid, very juicy, tender, half-buttery, good sweet taste with spice and weak flavor.

Skoroplodnaya (Early-maturing)

Russia

Greenish-yellow with a brick-red blush on the sunny side. No rust.

Originated from a cross between Beurre Bosc and Beurre Clairgeau. Authors: P.D. Yurchenko.

Ripen by late Autumn

Fruits are large, non-univariate, widely-pear-shape, symmetrical, with an even relief. Surface is smooth. Stalk is short, set aslant, thick. Flesh is pale yellow, tender, soft, juicy, oily, acid-sweet, weakly aromatic.
Fruit is attractive and has an excellent taste.

Skorospelka iz Michurinska  (Early fruit  from Michurinsk)

Russia

Greenish-yellow during harvest, yellow during consumer period. Skin is slightly rusty.

Originated in the Michurin All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants from a cross between hybrid Ussuri pear x Beurre Ligel and Citron de Kharm.

Ripen in the third decade of July.

Fruit are below medium size, oval, regular shape. Stalk is medium, curved.
Flesh is tender, juicy, friable, acid-sweet, without tartness or granulations.

Sochinskaya ananasnaya (Sochi pineapple)

Russia

Greenish-yellow

Originated by planting the seeds of Beurre Bosc from an open pollination. Author: P.D. Yurchenko

Ripen by late Summer or early Autumn.

Fruits are large, widely-pyriform, univariate, with a smoothed short neck. Surface is smooth, oily to the touch. Skin is thin. Flesh is white, white, creamy, juicy, acid-sweet, with outstanding flavor qualities.

St. Germain (Arteloire; Inconnue la Fare; Lafare; St. Germain Gris; St. Germain d'Hiver; St. Germain Jaune; St. Germain Vert)

France

At first light green, ripen from light green to yellow.  rusty spots are scattered across the fruit, especially densely located at the edges of, where they frequently turn into rusty grid, and often form continuous patches.

Old French winter variety.  In 1872 it was known under the name Good Louise (Bonne Louise Duhamel).

Ripen in late September 

Fruit are above medium size, elongate-pyriform or oblong-ovoid, sometimes anisopleural. The skin is thin, but solid, not very sensitive to beating or pressing. Surface is smooth. Stalk is medium long, somewhat curved, rather thick, set aslant on the top of a large fleshy knoll, firmly attached to the fruit and a fruiting wood.
Flesh is greenish-white, medium solid, juicy, melting, fragrant, refreshing, very good taste.

St. Ghislain

Belgium

Clear yellow, with a greenish tinge, and with a blush of red next the sun

Originated at St. Ghislain, near Jemappes, first distributed by Dr. Van Mons.

Ripen in September.

Fruit medium size, obtuse-pyriform or turbinate. Skin smooth. Flesh white, very juicy, buttery and melting, rich, sugary, and vinous.

St. Michel Archange

France

Golden-yellow color with a bright crimson cheek on the side next the sun, with crimson dots like Forelle.

Originated in the Nantes neighbourhood.

Ripen in the end of September.

Fruit above medium size, obovate. Skin smooth and shining. Flesh yellowish-white, tender, melting and juicy, with a sugary juice, and a very agreeable perfume.

St. Swithin

England

Grass-green, with russet, and sometimes with a faint brown blush on the sunny side.

Originated from Calebasse Tougard. Authors: Mr. Rivers

Ripen in the end of July and beginning of August.

Below medium size; obovate or pyriform. Stalk is placed obliquely without depression. Fruit is yellowish white, with a greenish touch, tender, juicy, and sweet, with a brisk flavor.

Sucrée D’Hoyerswerda

Germany

Pale yellowish green with rough brown and greenish russety dots, and markings of russet at the eye and stalk.

Originated at Hoyerswerda,in Saxony, probably from seed of Sucrée Vert.

Ripen in the end of August and beginning of September.

Rather below medium size; obtuse pyriform. Skin is thin and smooth. Stalkis placed in a shallow funnel. Flesh is whitish, fine-grained, tender, very juicy and melting, with a rich, sweet, and musky aroma.

Suffolk Thorn

England

Pale lemon-yellow, covered with numerous small dots and irregular patches of pale ashy-grey russet, which are most numerous on the side next the sun

Originated from Gansel's Bergamot. Author: Andrew Arcedeckene, Esq., of Clavering Hall, Suffolk.

Ripen in October.

Fruit medium sized, roundish-turbinate. Flesh yellowish-white, exceedingly melting, buttery, and juicy, with a rich, sugary juice exactly similar in flavor to Gansel's Bergamot.

Summer Beurrè D’Aremberg

England

Cinnamon russet.

Originated by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth.

Ripen in the middle of September.

Small, turbinate, even and smooth. Stalk is long, stout, and fleshy, curved and placed without depression. Flesh is yellowish, very buttery, tender, melting, and very juicy, sweet, richly flavored, and with a musky fragrance.

Summer Doyenne (Doyenne d' Été; Doyenne deJuillet; Duchesse de Berri d'ete; Roi Jolimont)

Belgium

Fine yellow color, and frequently with a red blush on the side next the sun, and strewed with dots.

Said to be raised by Van Mons.

Ripen in the end of July.

Fruit small, roundish-obovate. Skin smooth. Flesh white, melting, and very juicy, rich and sugary.

Suzette de Bavay

Belgium

Yellow, covered with numerous large russet dots and traces of russet.

Originated by Major Esperen in 1843.

Ripen in January and February.

Fruit medium sized, turbinate. Flesh melting, juicy, sugary, and vinous, with a pleasant perfume.

Svarog

Russia

Greenish during harvest, yellow with diffused and striped, red, small blush during consumer period. Hypodermal dots are small, greenish, and well visible.

Originated in M.A. Lisavenko in the Research Institute of Horticulture of Siberia from a cross between Ussuri pear and Beurre Bosc. Authors: I.P. Kalinina, I.A. Puchkin, G.N. Baikov.

Ripen in late September.

Fruit below medium size (weight 78 g), bluntly-conic or widely-pyriform. Skin is not rough, dull. Stalk is medium long, curved. Flesh is creamy, tender, half-buttery, juicy, acid-sweet, good taste.

Sverdlovchanka

Russia

Purely green during harvest, becoming yellowish when ripe, often with a slight blush on the sunny side.

Originated at Sverdlovsk and Saratov Experimental Stations of Promiculture from pollination of lukashovka Fields with a mixed pollen of southern varieties. Authors: L. A. Kotov, G.V. Kondratiev.

Autumn-summer

Fruits of medium size (average weight 140 g, maximum 180 g), elongated-pyriform to short-pyriform, with a smooth surface. Stalk is long.
Flesh is white with a yellowish tinge, very juicy, tender, thin, oily type, almost without granulations, acid-sweet excellent taste, and aromatic.

Svetlyanka

Russia

The main color at the time of Harvest maturity greenish-yellow, in the period of maturity of the consumer's golden-yellow, red at the covering of the fruit, blurry.

Originated in the Michurin All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants from a cross between hybrid seedling (Ussuri x Beurre Ligel) and Clapp’s Favorite varieties. Authors: P.N. Yakovlev, and S.P. Yakovlev, A.P. Gribanovsky.

Harvest: early September.

Fruits of below medium and medium-sized, weighing 90-120g, roundish, smooth, regular-shaped. Skin is medium, smooth, buttery, with a waxy coating. Stalk is medium, set aslant. Flesh is creamy, medium solid, tender, half-buttery, juicy without granulations, acid-sweet taste with little flavor.

Talgarskaya Krasavitsa (Talgar Beauty)

Kazakhstan

Pale yellow with bright carmine-red blush on the sunny side. Numerous hypodermal dots are small, green  on the unpainted part of the fruit,  white and well visible on the light side of the.

Originated in the Kazakh Research Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture by A.N. Katseyko from the open pollination of Flemish Beauty variety.

Ripen in late September.

Fruits are above medium size (weight 170g), oblong-pyriform, bottle shape, sometimes aslant at the top. Skin is smooth, shiny, oily. Stalk is medium long and thick, slightly curved. Flesh is creamy, medium solid, crispy, fine-grained, very juicy, sweet, good taste.

Tatiana

Russia

Golden-yellow, with an intensive brownish-red covering. Small, densely located hypodermal dots.

Originated at Rossoshan Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture by a cross between Clapp’s Favorite and Beurre winter Michurin varieties. Authors: A.M. Ulyanischeva.

Autumn

Fruits above medium and large, weight 154-230g, pear-shaped, symmetrical, outlined, with a smooth surface. Stalk is short, thick, with an overgrown base.
Flesh is white- creamy, sweet, very tender and juicy.

Thérèse Appert

France

Dull yellow with green patches, and with cinnamon russet dots, and a small patch of russet; with a few mottles of crimson on the sunny side.

Originated by M. Andre Leroy, of Angers, named after eldest child of M. Eugène Appert his granddaughter.

Ripen in the end of October

Above medium size, pyriform, rounded towards the eye. Stalk is fleshy, placed without depression, sometimes a little on one side of the axis. Flesh is tender, buttery, and melting, rich, and with a pleasant, sprightly, vinous flavor, and a fine fragrance.

Thompson's (Vlesembeek)

Belgium

Pale yellow, and considerably covered with a coating and dots of pale cinnamon-colored russet.

Author: Van Mons.

Ripen in November.

Fruit medium sized, obovate. Flesh white, buttery and melting, very juicy, exceedingly rich and sugary, and with a fine aroma.

Tikhiy Don

Russia

Greenish-yellow with crimson-red diffused blush covering most of the surface and with densely located, dark-green and rusty hypodermal dots.

Originated at Rossoshan Zonal Experimental Station of Horticulture by a cross between Rossoshanskaya Krasivaya (Rossoshan Krasivaya) and Mramornaya (Marble) varieties. Author: A.M. Ulyanischeva.

Ripen in early-mid September

Fruits are large and very large, average weight 270g, maximum of 350g, oval or bluntly conical, isosceles. Skin is thick. Stalk is medium long, thick.
Flesh is creamy-white, tender, juicy, buttery, sweet, with a little acidity and tartness, of full, very good taste.

Tikhonovka

Russia

Green during harvest. After 3-4 months of storage in the simplest storehouse skin turns yellow, dotted with light-brown suberized dots.

Originated in Michurin Central Genetic Laboratory, from a cross between Ussuri pear x Beurre Bosc. Author: A.S. Tikhonova.

Late winter

Fruits are small, weighing 60 g (on fertile soils, 90 g), very hard during harvest, from the round-wide-pyriform to ovate-pear-shaped, with short conical neck. Stalk is short.
Flesh is yellowish, juicy, crispy, aromatic, acid-sweet good taste.

Tolstobezhka

Russia

Light green during harvest, later acquires a yellowish tinge surface is covered with small greenish spots.

Originated by I.V. Michurin from an embryonate seed of Ussuri pear with pollen of a southern variety - Royal in 1903.

Season:  November - December.

Fruits of medium size, broadly bell-shaped forms, uneven in the stalk. Stalk is medium long and medium and thick. Flesh is white, juicy, sometimes coarse, sweet, of a very poor quality.

Tonkovetka (Wand)

Russia

Yellowish-green or light yellow, sometimes with a slight blush on the sunny side.

Old Central Russian variety of popular selection. Known since 18 century.

Summer

Medium and below medium size, regular-shaped, Stalk is very long, thick, arciform, curved.
Flesh is creamy, coarse, dryish, acid-sweet, tart, of moderate quality.  Becomes powdery when overripens.

Tonkovetka Uralskaya (Ural Wand)

Russia

Yellow, with bright pink blush on the sunny side.

Originated at Sverdlovsk Horticultural Experiment Station from a cross between Tyoma and Tonkovetka (Wand). Author: L. A. Kotov.

Late Summer or Early Autumn

Fruit below medium size, univariate, weighing 100 g. Skin is dry, smooth, and thin.
Fruit appearance is significantly similar to Central-Russian Tonkovetka (Wand) variety, pear-shaped, on the long, usually curved Stalk.
Flesh is yellowish-white, relatively dense, without stony cells, fine-grained, juicy, acid-sweet taste.

Triomphe de Jodoigne

Belgium

Yellow, covered with numerous small russety dots and patches of thin brown russet

Author: M. Simon Bouvier, Burgomaster of Jodoigne, first fruited in 1843.

Ripen in November and December.

Fruit large, obovate, regular and handsome. Flesh yellowish-white, rather coarse, melting, juicy, sugary, and brisk, with an agreeable musky perfume.

Tyoma

Russia

Light-yellow with diffused blush. Numerous dark hypodermal dots.

Originated by A.M. Lukashov in Khabarovsk from the flowers pollination of, the Baltic varieties Finnish yellow pollen Ussuri pear in 1909. In 1917 hybrids entered fruiting period, 4 varieties were allocated from this family of hybrid seedlings - Tyoma, Polya, Olga and Lida, under the collective name "lukashovki" that formed the basis of cultured pears cultivated in the Far East.

Ripen in early September.

The largest of "lukashovki”. The average fruit weight on the young trees -150-200g, at mass fruiting 115-130 g, maximum of 350-400 g.
Fruit pear-shaped, slightly anisopleural. Stalk is long (2-4 cm), thick, slightly curved, placed in a shallow, narrow funnel formed by the anisopleural crests.
Flesh is white, juicy, with a crispy texture, acid-sweet, slightly astringent, moderate taste.

Tyson

USA

Yellowish green with brown russet in shade, and with a dull, brownish red blush and large russet dots on the sunny side.

Originated near Philadelphia in 1794, and was awarded a first-class certificate by the Fruit Committee of the Royal Horticultural Society in 1881.

Ripen early in September.

Below medium size; obovate, even. Stalk is woody, placed without depression. Flesh is yellowish white, coarse-grained, half-buttery, juicy, and sweet.

Tyutchevskaya (Tyutchev)

Russia

Greenish during harvest, greenish-yellow with a carmine blush during consumer period. Numerous, medium, green, well visible hypodermal dots.

Originated from a cross between the seedling 11-11-163 and Gervex in 1976. Seedling 11-11-163 originated from Severyanka (Northener) pollination with a mixture of pollen Rossoshanskaya Rannyaya (Rossoshan Early) + Merezhka. Authors: E.N. Sedov, A.G. Kuznetsova, N.G. Krasova.

Ripen in early September

Average weight (140 g), univariate, bell-shaped, ribbed, oblique. Skin is rough, rough, dry, and dull. Stalk is long, thick, curved, set aslant, with thick influx at the base.
Flesh is greenish, thick, tender, fine-grained, juicy, and sweet with a nice little acidity.

Uralochka (Ural)

Russia

Greenish-yellow during harvest, golden-yellow when ripe. Numerous hypodermal dots are small, gray, well-visible.

Originated in South Ural Institute of Horticulture and Potato Breeding from a cross between selective form of the Ussuri pear 41-15-9 and Severianka (Northener). Authors: E.A. Falkenberg, M.A. Mazunin and L.I. Bolotov.

Ripen by late autumn (15-25 September).

The fruits are small, weighing 44 g, univariate, short-pyriform, smooth, regular shaped. Skin is medium, rough, dry, and dull. Stalk is medium, thin, slightly curved, set straight.
Flesh is creamy, medium solid, fine-grained, juicy, acid-sweet, medium flavor.

Urbaniste (Beurre Drapiez; Beurre Picquery; Louise d'Orleans; Picquery; St. Marc; Serrurier d'Automne; Virgalieu Musquee)

Belgium

Pale yellow, covered with grey dots and slight markings of russet, and mottled with reddish brown

Originated in the garden of a nunnery, at Malines, of Urbanistes.

Ripen in October.

Fruit medium sized, obovate, or oblong-obovate. Skin smooth and thin. Flesh white, very tender, melting, and juicy, rich, sugary, and slightly perfumed.

Utrennyaya Svezhest (Morning Freshness)

Russia

Bright green with small creamy hypodermal dots.

Originated from seedlings of open pollination of Korean varieties. Authors: E.N. Sedov (All-Russia Research Institute of Promiculture), G.V. Eremin (Crimean Experimental Breeding Station VIR).

Ripen in the first half of August.

Univariate, weighing 115 g (maximum weight up to 180 g), obovate. Skin is shiny. Stalk is medium long and thick.
Flesh is pale creamy, crispy, very juicy, aromatic, has pleasant taste.

Uvedale's St. Germain (Abbe Mongein; Angora; Belle de Jersey; Bolivar; Chambers' Large; Comtesse de Treweren; Dr. Udale's Warden; Duchesse de Berri d'Hiver; German Baker; Lent St. Germain; Pickering Pear; Pickering's Warden; Pijper; Royale d"Angle-terre; De Tonneau; Tres Grosse de Bruxelles; Union)

England

Dark green, changing to yellowish-green, and with dull brownish-red on the exposed side, dotted all over with bright brown and a few tracings of russet

Author:  Dr. Uvedale, a schoolmaster who lived at Eltham, in Kent, in 1690.

In use from January to April.

Fruit very large, sometimes weighing upwards of 3 lbs., of a long pyriform or pyramidal shape. Skin smooth. Flesh white, crisp, and juicy.

Van Mons Léon le Clerc

Canada

Dull yellow, covered with dots and tracings of russet.

This was raised by M, Leon Leclerc, of Laval, formerly deputy for the department of Maine, and named in honour of Dr. Van Mons. The tree first fruited in 1828.

Ripen in November.

Fruit very large, oblong-pyramidal. Flesh yellowish-white, buttery and melting, very juicy, rich, sugary, and delicious.

Velesa (Excellent’s Daughter)

Russia

Greenish-yellow with orange blush.

Originated by cross between Venus and Flemish Beauty. Authors: Yu.A. Petrov and N.V. Yefimova

Autumn

Medium or above medium size, widely-pear-shaped, symmetric, without ribs. Smooth surface. Stalk of average thickness, long, slightly curved. Creamy flesh of average density, half-oily, tender, juicy, acid-sweet, of excellent taste.

Verbena

Russia

Lemon-yellow

Originated by open pollination of Beurre Bosc. Authors: P.D. Yurchenko, T.I. Moskalenko.

Autumn-winter

Medium-sized fruit (mass 150g), uniform, of regularly-pear-shaped, symmetrical, isosceles, with even relief. Smooth surface. Skin is smooth without rust. Stalk is long, of average thickness. Flesh is light-yellow, of average juiciness, acid-sweet, with slight aroma, fine-grained, of average solidity, of excellent taste.

Vernaya (Faithful)

Russia

Greenish-yellow. Few hypodermal dots, of average size, gray and slightly visible.

Originated by a cross between an interspecific hybrid № 3 and Josephine de Malines variety in 1958. Authors: Yu. A. Petrov and N.V. Yefimova. 

Ripen from mid September to early October

Medium sized fruit, mass – 100-140g, pear-shaped, slightly slant, with a smooth surface, Skin is dry, glossy. Short, thick, crookedly set Stalk. Flesh is creamy, of average density, tender, half-oily, fine-grained, very juicy, acid-sweet with slight aroma.

Verte Longue (Mouille Bouche; Mouille Bouche d'Automne; New Autumn)

France

Pale green, becoming yellowish about the stalk as it ripens, and covered with, numerous minute dots.

An old French pear.

Ripen in October.

Fruit medium sized pyriform. Skin smooth and shining. Flesh white, melting, very juicy, sugary, and richly flavored.

Veselinka (Novinka)

Russia

Greenish with brownish-red blush covering 2/3 of the fruit. Few hypodermal dots, small, gray, visible.

Originated by cross between Ussuriysk pear № 212 with Flemish Beauty’s seedling 13-67-8. Raised Krasnoyarsk trial station of promiculture by N.N. Tihonov and A.S. Tolmachyov.

Ripen in late August and keeps only 7-10 days.

Small, widely-pear-shaped fruit. Smooth surface. Skin is tender, smooth, and oily. Stalk of average length and width sometimes curved. White flesh of average density, tender, very juicy, during dry years with granulations around cells. Sweet taste. Strong aroma characteristic for southern pears.

Vesnyanka

Russia

Yellow-green. A lot of hypodermal dots, large and small, well visible.

Originated on Maikop trial station VIR by A.S. Tuz. Parentage: Vienna Triumph x Dekanka Zimnyaya

Harvest in mid October.

Above medium size (average mass – 167g, maximal – 252g). Form is shortly-pear-shaped or conic. Skin is smooth, dry, with rust. Stalk of average length and width, straight or slightly curved. White flesh of average density, tender, very juicy. Subacid-sweet with spice and strong aroma.

Vestnica

Russia

Yellowish

Originated on Sverdlovsk trial station of promiculture by pollination of Tyoma variety with pollen mix of Bessmyanka and Finlandskaya Zyoltaya Rannyaya. Authors: P.A. Dibrova and L.A. Kotov.

Ripen mid August, keeps no longer than a week.

Small, ribbed, pear-like-oval with long Stalk. Flesh is tender, a little juicy, of good sweet taste.

Vicar of Winkfield (Belle Andrenne; Belle de Berri; Belle Heloise; Beurre Comice de Toulon; Bon Papa; Curd; Monsieur de Clion; Monsieur le Cure; Pater-noster)

France

Greenish-yellow, with a faint tinge of red on the side next the sun.

This pear was discovered in 1760 growing wild in a Fromentau wood by M. Leroy.

In use from November till January.

Fruit very large, pyriform, frequently one-sided. Skin smooth. Flesh white, fine-grained, half-melting, juicy and sweet, with a musky aroma.

Victoria

Russia

Greenish-yellow with bright purple blush covering the most of the fruit. A lot of small well visible hypodermal dots.

Originated at the Institute of Irrigated Promiculture UAAN by P.V. Grozdickiy, I.N. Boiko, Ye.A. Avramenko, G.I. Kulikov, I.N. Maksimova from a cross between Beurre Bosc and Tostobezhka.

Ripen in late August.

Above medium sized fruit, of regular pyriform, uniform. Smooth skin. Long and curved Stalk. White, tender flesh without granulations, juicy, acid-sweet, aromatic, of very good taste.

Vidnaya (Bugristaya) eng: Visible, Uneven

Russia

Greenish-yellow with orange blush.

Originated by interspecific hybrid VI-53-67 pollination with pollen mix of southern varieties. Authors: Yu.A. Petrov and N.V. Yefimova.

Summer

Medium or above medium size, oblong pear-shaped, symmetric with ribbed, uneven surface. Stalk of average length and width and curved. White flesh is very juicy, acid-sweet, of excellent taste.

Vineuse

Belgium

Pale straw color, with slight markings of very thin brown russet, interspersed with minute green dots.

Author: Major Esperen, of Malines, in 1840.

Ripen in the end of September and beginning of October.

Fruit medium sized, obovate. Skin smooth. Flesh yellowish-white, exceedingly tender, melting, and very juicy, of a honied sweetness, and fine delicate perfume.

Vingouleuse (Bujaleuf; Chambrette; De Glace)

France

Pale lemon color, with a tinge of brown on the side next the sun, thickly strewed with russet dots

 Originated at the village of Virgouleuse, near Limoges, in the department of Creuse. Marquis Chambrette was baron of it, first introduced it to Paris around mid 17th century.

November till January.

Fruit large and pyriform. Skin smooth and delicate. Flesh yellowish-white, buttery, melting, and very juicy, sugary, and perfumed.

Vnuchka (Granddaughter)

Russia

Bright yellow

Originated from a cross between Finland Yellow and Ussuriysk pear. Author: A.M. Lukashov.

Early Autumn.

Very small fruit mass -35g, of roundish-oval shape. Flesh is solid, very juicy, aromatic, acid-sweet, of good taste, with noticeable tartness.

Volshebnica (Sorceress)

Russia

Greenish-yellowish at the harvest time, becomes yellow with brightly evident brown medium hypodermal dots scattered across the fruit while being stored.

Originated by pollination of elite № 37 (Volga Bergamot x Williams) with pollen mix of Myasoyedovka and Clapp’s Favorite in 1953. Author: S.P. Kedrin.

Harvest: 10-15 September

Below medium size, mass -100-110g, maximal 160g. Pyriform, or egg-shaped. Slightly rough surface. Skin is of average thickness, not coarse, Covered with a waxy bloom. Medium width Stalk, long, straight or slant set, often curved. Creamy flesh, half-oily, juicy, acid-sweet, with an original, muscat touch, impalpable stony cells. 

Williams (Summer Duchesse, Bon Chretien Williams, Bartlett, Summer Williams)

England

Light green at the harvest time, wax-yellow with small gray spots when ripe. Sometimes there are rusty spots that spread to the poles. Sometimes there is a slight blush on a sunny side.

Originated in Berkshire (England) by Willer approximately in 1796, spread by Williams giving his name to variety.

Ripen in the mid August.

Size varies from medium to large size with an average mass 170g, up to 180g on the young trees. Oblong pyriform, with slightly uneven surface. Skin is fragrant, thin, and glossy. Stalk of average length, thick, a little bit curved, sometimes with an ocrea near the top end. Flesh is yellowish-white, tender, melting, juicy, vinous-sweet, with an original muscat aroma, of fine desert taste. 

Williams’s Bon Chretien (Bartlett; De Lavault; Williams’s)

England

Pale green turning to yellow, and touched with red streaks  on the sunny side as it ripens.

Originated in 1770, by Wheeler, a schoolmaster at Aldermaston, in Berkshire.

Ripen in August and September.

Large; obtuse pyriform, irregular and bossed. Skin is smooth. Stalk is stout and fleshy, and placed in a small funnel. Flesh is white, fine-grained, tender, buttery, and melting, with a rich, sweet, and delicious flavor, and powerful musky aroma.

Winter Bon Chretien (D'Angoisse; Bon Chretien d'Hiver; Bon Chretien de Tours; De St. Martin)

Belgium

Dingy yellow, with a tinge of brown next the sun, and strewed with small russet dots.

Originated by M. Jean Charles Nélis, of Malines.

In use from December to March

Fruit large, obtuse-pyriform, very irregular and bossed in its outline. Flesh white, crisp, juicy, sweet, and perfumed.

Winter Cole

Australia

Green with partial russet.

Seedling of Winter Nelis raised by J.C.

Cole, Richmond, Victoria. Introduced

by J Brunning and Sons, late 1880s.

Harvest: Late season.

Turbinate, small.  Tender, sweet, juicy flesh with flavor.

Winter Nelis

(Honey Pear)

Belgium

Green-brown, mostly total russet.

Seedling from M. Jean Charles Nelis,

Malines, Belgium, early 1800s about 1814.

Harvest: Late season.

Turbinate, small.  Tender, sweet, juicy, buttery flesh with fine vinous flavor.

Winter Windsor (Petworth)

England

Greenish-yellow in the shade and orange, faintly streaked with brownish-red next the sun; covered all over with minute dots.

A very old English variety, mentioned by Parkinson and by other authors of the seventeenth century.

Ripen in November.

Fruit large and handsome, obovate-turbinate. Skin smooth and shining. Flesh crisp, juicy, and pleasantly flavored.

Yablokovidnaya (Apple-shaped)

Russia

Yellowish-green, sometimes with a faint blush.

Originated in the Far East Research Institute of Agriculture by A.V. Bolonyaev from pollination of the Ussuri pear with pollen of Dekanka zimnyaya in 1938.

Ripen fruit 20-25 September

Fruits are small, average weight on young trees 67 g, reduces to 30 g in time of mass fruiting, with a large harvest, maximum mass 52 g. Shape is rounded, slightly oblique, reminds of an apple.
Stalk is short and thick, curved at the crater. Fruit surface is flat, smooth. Flesh is fine-grained, juicy, acid-sweet with the scent of southern pears, pleasant taste. Buttery does not darken like lukashovkas during consumer period.

Yantarnaya (Amber)

Ukraine

Yellowish-green during harvest, yellow when ripe with a light orange-red diffused blush on the sunny side.

Originated at the Ukrainian Institute of Irrigated Horticulture from planting the seeds of collection varieties. Authos: G.I. Kulikov, I.N. Esaulova and I.N. Maximova.

Ripen in mid-September

Fruits above average size (weight 200 g), widely-roundish-pear-shaped, ribbed, univariate. Skin is medium thick, smooth, mat. Stalk is long, curved.
Flesh is creamy-white, juicy, sweet, aromatic, excellent flavor.

Yanvarskaya (January)

Russia

Greenish with a brownish-red on the sun side during harvest maturity, greenish-yellow with a red blush during consumer period. Hypodermal dots are numerous, green, clearly visible.

Originated by hybridization of Beurre Tolstobezhka (Ussuri pear x Beurre Diel) x Flemish Beauty in 1955. Authors: E.N. Sedov, A.V. Parshin, N.G. Krasova, M.V. Mikheeva.

Winter

Fruit is medium sized, widely-pyriform, univariate, widely ribbed, somewhat oblique. The skin is smooth, rough, dry, and dull. Stalk is curved, set straight.
Flesh is white, with a greenish tinge, thick, stingy and fine-grained, juicy, sweet.

Yeseninskaya (Yesenin’s)

Russia

Greenish-yellow with a light blush

Originated from a cross between winter variety Severyanka (Northener) [Koperechka 12 Michurin (Ussuriysk pear x Beurre Ligel) x Clapp’s Favorite with the southern variety Olivier De Serres in 1976. Authors: Ye.N. Sedov, N.G. Krasova, A.G. Kuznecova, Ye.A. Dolmatov.

Autumn variety.

Not very large fruit 130g, with solid, rough russet skin. Creamy flesh, very juicy, half-oily, sometimes with granulations around heart with light muscat flavor, very good subacid-sweet taste.

Yevtuhovka (Skorospelka, Iyunka, Maika Vtoraya)

Russia

Greenish with reddish diffused blush, sometimes very intense covering nearly the whole fruit.

There is no exact pomological name for this variety.

Harvest: 2-8 July

Small sized (average weight 33.5 g), round-pear-shaped, often with a constriction (neck). Stalk is long, slender, curved. Flesh is light-creamy or greenish-cream, acid-sweet, swells when overripeness.

Yubileynaya Korneeva (Korneev’s  Anniversary)

Russia

Pale yellow with red blush on the sunny side of the fruit. Hypodermal dots are gray, well visible, medium, and numerous.

Originated on Dubovsk outpost from a cross between Volga Bergamot, Duchess of Angouleme and Beurre Keiffer varieties in 1955. Authors: R. V. Korneev and L.K. Zhukova.

Ripen in mid-September.

Fruits are medium, weighing 130-140g, univariate, short-pyriform, regular-shaped. Surface is slightly ribbed; skin is rough, dry and dull. Stalk is short, thick, straight, set aslant.
Flesh is white, medium solid, half-buttery, tender, acid-sweet, very good taste.

Yuryevskaya

Russia

Green with a light tan on the lower part of the fruit during harvest.  Greenish-yellow with a light diffused brownish tan during consumer period. Numerous hypodermal dots are medium, green and gray, quite noticeable.

Originated from an open pollination of interspecific hybrid number 9 (Ussuriiskaya x Clapp’s Favorite) in 1962. Authors: Yu.A. Petrov, N.V. Efimova.

Ripen by the end of September - early October.

Fruits of medium size, weighing 120-160 g, medium univariate, short-and oval-pear-shaped, with a smooth surface, slightly oblique at the Stalk. Stalk is medium, thick, slightly curved. Flesh is greenish-creamy, dense, half-buttery, fine-grained; it becomes very tender and juicy when fully ripe, acid-sweet taste, with a faint aroma; unripe fruit has a tart taste.

Zarechnaya (Kompaktnaya, eng: Compact)

Russia

Golden-yellow with diffused orange covering of average intensity. No rust.

Originated on Sverdlovsk selection station of promiculture, from a cross between Tyoma and Rannyaya mliyevskaya varieties in 1974. Authors: L.A. Kotov and G.N. Tarasova.

Harvest: Late August to early September.

On the areas that don’t require irrigation fruit are medium sized, mass – 115g (maximal 140g), uniform wide pyriform, isosceles, slightly inclined ribbed with an even surface. Skin is thin, heart is medium sized. Stalk is rather thick, of average length. Creamy flesh of average density, fine-grained, tender, without stony cells of very good sweet taste.

Zéphirin Grégoire

Belgium

Pale greenish-yellow, sometimes becoming of a uniform pale waxen yellow, covered with russet dots and markings

Culitvar originated by M. G. Nelis about 1831. Seedling selection of Passe Colmar.

Ripen in December and January.

Fruit about medium size, roundish. Flesh yellow, buttery, melting, and very juicy, very rich, sugary, and vinous, with a powerful and peculiar aroma.

Zéphirin Louis

Belgium

Large dark brown russet patches and dots, greenish yellow in shade, and dark rusty red on the sunny side, then runs to bright vermilion when rather ripe.

Author: M. Grégoire, of Jodoigne.

Ripen in December and January.

Somewhat below medium size, round, even. Stalk is short, placed in a shallow round funnel. Flesh is coarse-grained, crisp, or rather half-buttery, juicy, sweet, briskly flavored, with a pleasant flowery aroma.

Zimnyaya Kubarevidnaya (Winter Turbinate)

Russia

Golden-yellow with a small bright diffused crimson blush. Numerous, small, gray, slightly visible hypodermal dots.

Originated by pollination of Volga Bergamot with a pollen mix (Williams x Clapp’s Favorite). Authors: R.V. Korneeva, L.K. Zhukova.

Ripen by early October.

Above medium size, weight – 150-200g, turbinate, regular shape. Skin is coarse, smooth, and dull. Medium sized, curved, aslant set Stalk. White flesh of average density, juicy, subacid-sweet, with aroma and very good taste.  

Zonal

Russia

Greenish-yellow with diffused red covering. Numerous, small, green, slightly visible hypodermal dots.

Originated on the Dubovsk station of fruit plants selection by planting the seeds of hybrid №18 (seedling №1 x Flemish Beauty) from a open pollination. Authors: R.V. Korneev, L.K. Zhukova.

Ripen by August

Above medium size, average mass – 170g, maximal 250g, uniform, short pyriform. Smooth surface. Medium, thick, aslant set Stalk. White flesh of average density is tender, fine-grained, juicy, sweet, has an average flavor and a good taste.

Zoya

Russia

Yellow-green with diffused dark red covering on the sunny side.

Originated in a M.A. Lisavenko research institute of promiculture of Siberia by selection among seedlings from s open pollination of lukashovka-varieties. Author: N.N. Tihonov.

Ripen by the third decade of August.

Very small size (36-45g), pyriform. Long and thick Stalk. Flesh is white, juicy, oily, acid-sweet, has a good taste.

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 03 November 2009 07:50
 
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