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Rosaceae
Table of orange varieties PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 27 October 2009 09:49

Variety

 

Country

 

Color

 

Creation/Origin

 

Harvest/Season

 

Description

 

Bergamot sour orange hybrid

Italy

Lemon-yellow

Probably a hybrid of sour orange and citron (or lemon). It has been known in the Mediterranean for several centuries and described since 1708.

Season:  Late Winter

Small to medium-large sized, depressed, round obovoid or broadly-pyriform. Rind is smooth, medium-thin with a moderately rough surface, usually pointed, and adherent. Flesh is moderately dense, pale greenish-yellow, and highly acid, has a bitter aftertaste.  

Bouquet de Fleurs sour orange

USA

Light Orange

Parents unknown. Originally come from Florida

Season:  January to March

Standard and similar to other sour oranges but somewhat smaller and well-colored. Medium thick rind; flesh is orange, juicy, few seeds, very sour taste.

Cara Cara navel orange

Venezuela

Deep orange

 

A sport of Washington navel orange tree, discovered in 1976 at Hacienda Cara Cara in Venezuela.

Season:  November to January

Slightly oblong shape. Normal textured rind. Reddish-pink seedless flesh. Rich taste with good acidity.

Fukumoto navel orange

Japan

Reddish-orange

Originated by S. Fukumoto, from Kokawa-cho in Wakayama Prefecture.

Season: November to January

Seedless. Round shape. Normal rind texture and thickness. Has an excellent taste.

Goutoucheng sour orange (CRC 3929)

China

Yellow

Parents unknown. Comes from the Citrus Research Institute at Beibei, China.

Season: January to March

Yellow flesh and rind; large seeds; flesh is very sour; with a flattened bottom.

Goutoucheng sour orange (CRC 4004)

Gou Tou sour orange

China

Light-orange

Parents unknown. Originated in  Liuzhou Academy of Agricultural Science, Guangxi, China.

Season: January to March

Large sized, yellow, round; very sour.

Indian sour orange hybrid

India

Medium orange

Parents unknown. Originated in Karnataka, India.

Season: December to March

Depressed, flat bottom, medium sized. Rind is thin. IT has a mandarin aroma, with some sour orange flavor, sweet taste.

Kawano natsudaidai sour orange hybrid

Citrus natsudaidai

Japan

Golden orange yellow

Parents unknown. Thought to be originated from seed drifted ashore in Yamaguchi, Japan.

Season: February to April

Fruit is necked pummelo-shaped, medium is size. Rind is thick, rough, with distinct glands; juice vesicles are coarse but tender with 8 to 10 seeds. Flesh is juicy, light orange, sweet, has an aftertaste.

Keen sour orange

Portugal

Orange

Parents unknown. Originated from under a Lisbon lemon tree planted in 1887.

Season: January to March

A typical sour orange. Juicy, moderate seeds, good taste.

Kharna sour orange hybrid

Citrus kharna Raf.(Kharna Khatta, Karna Nimbu, Khatta Nimbu)

India

Golden yellow to deep orange

Parents unknown. Probably a lemon or citron hybrid. Originated in Wandriker Farms, Poona, Maharashtra State, India.

Season: January to March

From medium to medium large size, form varies but usually round to oval; it has a broad and protuberant nipple. Rind is moderately thick, dense. Surface is smooth, rough or ribbed. Flesh is dull orange, coarse-textured, medium juicy; acid taste with slight aroma resembles sour orange. Numerous seeds.

Kikudaidai sour orange hybrid

Japan

Yellow

Thought to be a hybrid between Citrus aurantium and Citrus paradisi.

Season: December to February

Medium-large. Rind is rough similar to a rough lemon. Rind medium thick. Flesh is yellow, hollow core, many seeds, light yellow, very juicy, sour.

Midknight Valencia orange

South Africa

Orange

Parents unknown. Originated on the place of A. P. Knight at Summerville, Addo in 1927. 

Season: March to July

Seedless, medium-large, somewhat oblong fruit of excellent quality and medium-late maturity.  

Moro blood orange

Italy

Orange generally with a burgundy blush.

Parents unknown.

Season: December to February

The fruit is usually low-seeded with a dark red flesh very late in the season. Medium to medium-large size, subglobose, round or obovoid. Few seeds or none. Flesh is almost purple-red; juicy; with pleasant flavor.

Navelate navel orange

Spain

Orange with greenery

Discovered in 1948 in the Castellon Province of Spain. 

Season: November to January

Paler than Washington; rind is thinner and more leathery. Flesh is less firm and juicier; flavor is less sprightly. 

Navelina navel orange

USA

Reddish-orange

Selected as a bud sport selection form the Rubidoux Tract variety block around 1910.

Season: November to January

From medium to medium-large, spherical to obovoid, navel small and not prominent, but opening not closed, seedless. Rind is medium-thin and smooth. Flesh is deep colored; texture is medium, rather juicy, sweet flavor.

Parent Washington navel orange

Brazil or Posrtugal

Deep orange

It is considered to come from a bud sport found in a Selecta orange tree in the early 1800s.

Season: November to January

Large, spherical to obovoid or ellipsoid, seedless. Rind is medium-thick, rather tender; surface is pitted and moderately pebbled. Flesh is deep-colored; texture is firm, moderately juicy with rich flavor. 

Perao Valencia orange

Probably Brazil

Orange

Origins unknown, probably Brazil.

Season: March to July

Elongate fruit, with quite thick rind, seedless.

Pineapple sweet orange

USA

Deep orange, with a reddish tinge when fully ripe

Originated on the place of J. B. Owens at Sparr, near Citra, Florida

Midseason

Medium-sized, spherical to slightly obovate, moderately seedy. Surface is pitted and slightly pebbled. It has a medium-thick glossy rind is vinous and sprightly flavored, seeds are rather large and numerous. Form varies from nearly round to slightly oval. Flesh is light orange, tender, juicy; rich sweet flavor, medium-grained, with abundant yellowish juice, acid-sweet, 13 to 23 seeds.   

Rhode

Australia

Orange

Identified by farm manager Mr Len Rohde

on Harkhill Farm at Nangiloc, north-west Victoria in

1982.

In use from July to November

Slightly oblong in some seasons, usually round. Skin texture sometimes is slightly coarse or rough especially late in the season or during excessive fertilizer use, or when the crop is very light.

Rokugatsu-mikan sour orange

Zadaidai sour orange

Citrus rokugatsu

Japan

Light orange

Parents unknown. Probably from Okinawa.

Season: January to March

Small sized. Round but flattened at ends. Rind is rough, moderately thick, loose and puffy. Moderately seedy. Flesh is light to medium orange in color, juicy, sour.

Ruby blood orange

Italy

Orange with reddish flush under favorable conditions.  

Introduced from an unknown Mediterranean country to Florida around 1880.

Season: December to February

Medium-sized, globose to slightly oblong, relatively few seeds. Rind is medium-thick, finely pitted, and slightly pebbled. Flesh is tender and juicy with a rich flavor. Flesh is orange, streaked with red. 

Sanbokan sour orange hybrid

Sanbo sour orange hybrid

Citrus sulcata Takahashi

Japan

Yellow-orange

Parents unknown.

Season: January to March

Medium-sized and obovoid. Rind is medium-thick, yellow, coarsely pebbled, somewhat uneven, and easily removing. Flesh is moderately juicy with a good flavor.  

Sanguinelli blood orange

Spain

Orange with red blush

Originated as a limb sport of Doblefina around 1950.

Season: December to February

Similar to Doblefina, but larger, seedier, and often asymmetrical, rind and flesh are intensely blood-colored.  

Thomson navel orange (CRC 969)

USA

Orange

The bud sport selections made from Washington navel on the property of A. C. Thomson in Duarte CA around 1891. 

Season:  November to January

Medium-large, globose to slightly obovate or ellipsoid, apex usually conspicuous or broadly nippled, seedless. Rind is medium-thin. Surface is smooth and glossy though quite pitted.  Flesh is well-colored firm textured, medium juicy, with a good flavor.

Vaniglia Sanguigno

Italy

Orange

Parents unknown.

Season: November to March

Round, medium sized, seedy, with a smooth rind, which is medium thick. Flesh is pink, very sweet, almost acidless.

Werley Valencia orange

USA

Light orange

Seedling arose from budded area. Bud-union evident-- done around 1927.

Season: March to July

Larger than adjacent Valencia. Some regreening, hollow center, nearly seedless, good crop. With an excellent texture, smooth and thin skin.

Wiffen navel orange

Australia

Orange

It was found in early 1980s on Wiffen's property, near Nangiloc Victoria. 

Season: February to June

Round, seedless. Attractive colored rind is thin to medium thick.  Texture is smooth. Excellent flavor. High acid content late in the season. Medium to high levels of granulation.

Yama-mikan sour orange

Citrus intermedia

Japan

Orange

Parents unknown.

Season: January to March

Very juicy, too acid. Slightly necked, grapefruit-colored, rind is 1 cm thick, with large oil glands, marked sweet orange aroma. Flesh is light orange, tender, juicy, quite sweet and pleasant, rather seedy.

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Last Updated on Monday, 30 November 2009 07:48
 
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