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Fruits
Table of melon varieties PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 27 October 2009 07:34

Variety

 

Location

 

Color

 

Creation/Origin

 

Season

 

Description

 


Assol

Russia

Yellow with creamy-gray stripes

Originated at West-Siberian Vegetable Experiment station.

Mid season

Oval-round shape, segmental fruit, rind is thin, flexible, yellow in cut. Flesh is light-green, medium thick grainy, tender, juicy, sweet, with a strong aroma.

Basarabia

Russia

Orange with greenish spots

Originated in Pridnestrov Research Institute of Agriculture.

Early season

Rounded-flattened shape. Surface is smooth, with gray-green straps, with netting elements at the stalk. Flesh is creamy, thick and medium, grainy, juicy, sweet with a pleasant vanilla aroma.

Bitter

Africa or India

Pale greenish-yellow turning to yellow or orange as it ripens.

Origin is unknown.

May to September.

Ridged knobby stripy and smooth warts, rough skin, oblong shaped.  Flesh is pinkish-orange with seeds and slightly bitter taste.

Blondie

Russia

Gray-green

Selection of Gavrish variety.

Mid season

Mass – 400-600g, flattened. Surface is segmental, without netting, rind is thin. Flesh is bright-orange, melting with high and stable sugar content and carotene.

Bronzovka (Bronze)

Ukraine

Greenish-bronze with thin rough netting.

Originated by Biryuchekutskaya Experiment Station.

Late-ripening

Oval, large. Flesh is thick, white, crisp, very sweet.

Canary

Spain

Bright yellow

Named for Canary Islands.

Autumn

Oval and smooth.  When ripe, its hard rind develops a crumpled look and a slightly waxy coat. Flesh is crisp and firm, very pale green to creamy, juicy, with a light pinkish-orange seed cavity.  Delicately, fruity flavored, with a succulent refreshing taste.

Cantaloupe (musk melon)

Italy

Thick netting on a slightly golden background.

It was named after the commune Cantalupo in Sabina, a summer residence of the Pope. Originally cultivated around 1700.

Available year round

Flesh is pale orange very juicy, tasty and sweet.

Cantaloupe French Kiss

France

Sea foam green

Originated in Charentais region, France.

Available year round

Rather small sized with a small tight seed cavity. Rind is thin. Very sweet.  A lovely shade of orange. Flesh is succulent, juicy and creamy. Resembles a cross between a Tuscan cantaloupe and a regular cantaloupe, with a much less evident striping than the typical Tuscan variety.

Casaba

Turkey

Golden yellow with a green tint

Origin:
1885–90, named after Kassaba, a town near Izmir, Turkey.

April to late September

Round, often pumpkin-shaped with a slight point at the stem end.  Rind is very thick with irregular shallow furrows running from edge to edge.  Flesh is creamy-green, juicy, delicately sweet, with a mild cucumber-like flavor.

Cavaillon

France

Lime green when ripe

Originated from Cavaillon, hence is the name.

June to October

High sugar content.  Turns yellow and its furrows disappear when overripens.

Charentais (=Charantais)

France

White-yellow or green-yellow with some dark stripes, turns to warmer yellow and gray cast disappears as it fully ripens.

Originated in France around 16th century.

Late June through August

The smallest among melons, however the most delicious.  Globe-shaped. Rind is mastoid, smooth or slightly netted, with smooth longitudinal furrows. Flesh is pale to bright or deep orange, firm, juicy.  Intense sweet and aromatic flavor. 

Crenshaw  (=Cranshaw)

Africa or from somewhere in Asia Minor

Golden yellow

A hybrid between the casaba and Persian melon. Exact origin unknown.

May to August.

Oblong. Rind is pointed, very wrinkled and crumpled with a slight waxy coat. Flesh is dense, tender, aromatic, salmon-orange, rather sweet and spicy.

Galia

Izrael

Pale thick crust golden rind develops brownish-yellow color as it ripens.

A hybrid of Cantaloupe and Honeydew. Originated by Zvi Karchi in 1970.

From May to September

Deep-green, sweet and aromatic flesh, with a cantaloupe flavor.

Hami-Gua

China

Greenish

Cultivated in China for more than 700 years, hybrid variety of Shin-Kiang Hami melon.

Mid-May to July and from September to December.

Oblong-shaped with crispy and sweet flesh. Uniform in size and shape.

Honeydew

Asian country

Yellowish

Exact origin unknown, believed to come from Asia

August, September and October.

Skin is smooth. Flesh is tender sweet pale green. Round to oval and somewhat larger than a cantaloupe. As the melon ripens, its skin transforms from very hard and smooth to velvety texture and sticky.

Horn

Africa

Bright golden yellow to orange color

Originated in southwest Africa.

Beginning in March or April.

Flesh is rich, jellylike, lime-green with white seeds.  Sweetly tart flavor.

Kiwano (Horned melon)

Africa

Bright yellow

This one is a member of the cucumber family.

Available all year round.

Small fruit. Flesh is jelly-like, olive green, sweet and sour with edible seeds similar to those of a cucumber in the shell with stubby horns. 

Kolhoznitsa 749-753

Ukraine

Orange-yellow. Some fruit have non-uniform, barely visible netting.

The variety was improved by Biryuchekutskaya Experiment Station and passed to production in 1993.

Mid-ripening

Small, spherical fruit. Flesh is white, sweet and tasty.

Korean

Korea

Yellow

 

January

Oval-shaped. Flesh is white with a rather large seed cavity in the center. Juicy with a firm texture, fine-grained.

Krymka 11

Ukraine

Orange. Some fruits have green spots.

Originate by Simferopol Vegetable Potato Experiment Station from a mixture using individual selection method.

Ripen in September.

Large, spherical, slightly segmental fruits. Netting is rough and thick. Flesh is orange with a greenish interlayer at the rind, sweet.

Luna (Moon)

Russia

Yellow

Originated at West-Siberian Vegetable Experiment Station.

Mid-early season

Up to 1kg. Oval, smooth, with solid tender netting. Flesh is creamy, poorly juicy, low sugar with aroma. 3 cm in width. Good taste.

Ogen

Izrael

Pale green to yellowish striped with green or orange lines that turn to golden as it ripens.

Originated in Israeli kibbutz Ogen.

Late June

Smooth skin. Mass – 800-100g, segmental, without netting. Flesh is greenish-white, juicy, sweet, aromatic, with melting consistency.

Pepino

Chile and Peru

Ivory to light green streaked with purple or pinkish- lilac markings, turning gold and orange as it ripens.

Also called tree melon, bush melon and mellow-fruit.

From February into May.

Smooth glossy edible skin and edible soft seeds. Size varies from small to large as an oversized papaya. Flesh is tender, yellowish-gold, fine-grained and sweetly aromatic, intensifying as it ripens.

Persian

Persia, now Iran

Light grayish-green background turns to a light tan color as it ripens.

It is a type of musk melon.

April to September

Larger and rounder, sometimes oval-shaped, very close cousin of the cantaloupe, with finer, more delicate netting. Flesh is pinkish-orange sweet, firmer texture the cantaloupe’s and buttery.

Pridnestrovskaya

Russia

Yellow

Originated in Pridnestrov Research Institute of Agriculture.

Early season

Rounded-flattened. Surface is smooth, with netting. Flesh is whitish-green, thick and medium, crisp, juicy, sweet with melon aroma.

Zoloto Skifov (Scythian Gold)

Russia

Yellow

A hybrid of selection Gavrish.

Mid-early season

Not large fruit, mass-120-150g, with netting. Flesh is yellow, juicy and aromatic.

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 11 November 2009 10:55
 
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