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Husbandry PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Wednesday, 27 May 2009 07:59

Animal husbandry is one of the areas where the skills of organic farmers are most important and most frequently called upon.

There are many practices and principles involved in this field, all of which are designed to provide livestock with comfortable and stress-free lives in accordance with their natural needs.


Species-appropriate

An important concept in organic animal husbandry is the creation of an environment that is appropriate to the species. Within this concept are a few common practices, including:

    * Permanent access to open air
    * Appropriate pasture and forage to meet nutritional and behavioural needs
    * Prohibition of permanent tethering or isolating of animals
    * Appropriate bedding and litter
    * Low stocking rates
    * Efforts to limit transportation times

A general organic principle also prohibits slatted floors from being used in resting areas.

No mutilation

Organic farming restricts the removal or reduction of:

    * Tails – from sheep, pigs etc.
    * Beaks – from chickens, turkeys etc.
    * Horns – from cattle, sheep etc.

Individual needs


It is also common for management practices to be adapted to each individual species. For example, poultry might be allowed long idle periods between egg laying periods. They might also be kept in small groups to establish social hierarchies that would occur in nature.

Skills

The new EU Regulation on organic farming makes direct reference to husbandry practices in several points, including that: Personnel keeping animals shall possess the necessary basic knowledge and skills as regards the health and welfare needs of animals.

Painless

Organic agriculture stresses that pain and suffering must be kept to a minimum throughout the entire lifespan of an animal. Therefore, transport times are strictly controlled and methods of slaughter are designed to be as quick and as painless as possible.

 

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Last Updated on Monday, 29 June 2009 13:03
 

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